week9 - Week 9. Imperialism: Case Studies European...

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Week 9. Imperialism: Case Studies
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European Dominance/Hegemony Diff bwn lst & 2nd wave of imperialism. Initial phase: could only go where gunned sailing ships could (seacoasts, river basins). Maj land empires Not far into Asia (except Philippines), less so in Africa. Only later came push into the interior, esp. bwn.1870-1914, facilitated by diff technology (steamships, railroads, telegraph). Eu’s ascendancy established over course of long 19 th c, 1750-1914. Result of expansion of Eu capitalist system or world ec Orientalism (Edward Said’s 1978 book): discourse about other cultures inherently ideological. In Euro-Am study of “orient” (M.E., Arabs, Islam) divide created bwn East & West; West always portrayed as superior; the alien other as inferior. “Orient” constructed by and in relation to West. Deeply engrained Eu idea that Asian socs static and immobile, despotic, Oriental Despotism
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British Empire
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Effects of Eu Dominance/Hegemony Socs everywhere experienced industrialization, capitalism, Christian evangelism, and nationalism. “Anglobalization.” Had to face W’s pol, ec, technological, and cultural institutions and practices. Var. responses and initiatives. “Reform” and “modernization.” Adoption/rejection of W. industrial, commercial, and administrative institutions led to conflicts bwn old & new groups; threatened status quo. Reformers typically allied w W. Not in Eu interest to usher in radical reform. Time of tremendous movement of people, goods, money, ideas; facilitated by improved transport and communications. Global migrations, 1840-1914: 100+ million people; 50+ fr Eu (5-6
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2008 for the course SIS 200 taught by Professor Anandyang during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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week9 - Week 9. Imperialism: Case Studies European...

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