THTR 311 Midterm Study - 311 Midterm Study SPANISH GOLDEN...

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311 Midterm Study 25/02/2007 18:38:00 SPANISH GOLDEN AGE Cultural Context KEYS:  o Geography Influences to Spanish Culture:  o Greek, Latin, Italian Renaissance Plays o Moorish (Arab) Culture o Spain decided to reinstate Christianity and made the moors and the  Jews either convert, or leave.  CODE OF HONOR:  o ‘Puhonor’ o Castilian Code:  Partidas  1200’s: “Honor is the reputation a man has  acquired through virtue of his rank, his high deed or his valor”  o Two aspects:  Private Virtue= Inner moral sense and ethics. An ethical  principle to guide ones life, it is a measure of personal worth.  Honor as Public Display= self-esteem and external power. Must  always be proved- defense  of honor is a defense of society.  Honor Resides:  In Women: In their fidelity In Men: In their valor and ability to defend the honor of  women ‘Honorable Family’ is much more important than social  class ‘good family; is based on honor, not class.  Life Is a Dream:  At the end, Segismundo tells Astolfo that he must keep  his promise to marry Rosaura, because this is the most  honorable thing to do. 
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The prince also does not kill is father, because he  cannot, it is against the code of honor and they wouldn’t  be considered an ‘honorable family’  Tragedies of human folly, where character creates his  own mental prison Quest for revenge is as destructive as the act that  provoked it. Happy Endings.  Love and Passion o Spain see passion vs. reason, passion is stonger than reason. But you  have the ability to decide what you want. Everything is passionate,  even fighting is passionate ( Zoro)  o English view- much more reserved, much less sexual and out there.  Much more of a game.  Characters: o CABALLEROS: A mature gentleman who has the power to fight with  the king (defend social order) A father, Major, Nobleman etc.  Originally meant horseman who could equip himself to fight with  the king, later became someone who owned land.  o HIDALGOS: ‘Son of Something’ – Men who achieve noble status  through birth or purchase. o PICAROS: Those who lacked land or a steady home.  Miguel de CERVANTES:  o Famous for ‘Don Quixote’ Famous Characters:  Don Quixote: Idealistic, Passionate, Noble, Dignified but  foolish, Naiive and a Failure.  Sancho Panza: the ‘Reality check’ – stock comic  character.  Reason v. Passion characters REASON VS. PASSION:  o Passion was more important to the Spaniards Essential qualities:  Stamina
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Loyalty Audacity Will Power Not Important Reasoning
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