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Unformatted text preview: 04/05/2007 16:42:00 ← ENGLISH 18TH CENTURY ← 1. Social ← a) What were the major social changes from the Restoration to the early 18 th century in England? ← The major social changes during this period involved a shift in political power, in cultural values, and the form of theatre produced changed from the comedies of manners, to sentimental comedies, to laughing comedies. The Restoration era saw the greatest number of female authors in any one period until much more recent times. The monarchy in England took on a new form, a dual monarchy with King William and Queen Mary. There reign was characterized by political conservatism, and a general detachment of both monarchs from social society. Puritan influences on culture reemerged. Lower classes and peasants enjoyed very little political power but economically the system in place provided a culture of civil rest and obedience. Dissatisfaction with the English colonies was beginning to gain momentum as they were more costly than beneficial at this point. There was a growing separation from the matters of church and state, and as Conservatism was encouraged the theatres and ale houses were becoming less and less socially acceptable. The genteel aristocracy was made up of roughly 200 families, and these political families tended to carry much weight in Parliamentary negotiations of legislature. Property laws and inheritance laws made marriage and male heirs central in social negotiations. ← b) Collier’s "Attack on the English Stage" what was it and why important? ← Collier, a non-juror bishop, published an anti-theater pamphlet in which he attacks some of the most popular recent plays by Congreve and Vanbrugh by examining the individual characters and defining them as wicked and amoral. His charge was that in theatrical productions showed very little morally upright behavior. He used quotations as evidentiary support from noted plays. The series of pamplets he published actually caused a large response from the English public. He is credited with changing public taste and starting a wave of outrage against the sexually explicitness of many Restoration plays. ← c) Licensing Act of 1737: what was it and why important? ← The Licensing Act or Theatrical Licensing Act of 1737 was a landmark act of censorship of the British stage and one of the most determining factors in the development of Augustan drama . The terms of the Act were that from that point forward, the Lord Chamberlain had the power to approve any play before it was staged. The had the power to approve any play before it was staged....
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- Spring '07