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Week 7 - Week 7 Responses to Industrialization Today's Id's...

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Week 7 May 13, 2008 Responses to Industrialization Today’s Id’s - Iron Horse - Luddism - Preservation - Toward Biodiversity 1. Iron Horse a. Transportation revolution i. Rail roads was the worlds first big business ii. First developed in England in the early mid 1700’s with the technology needed iii. First appeared in about the 1800’s iv. They applied steam power and brought this new form of transportation v. Revolutionary not because of the transportation component but because of other things introduced vi. 1 st high tech industry b. Spinoff industry i. Iron and steel ii. Machinery industry to repair trains c. Iron and steel i. Steel mills were in high demand because of the railroads ii. Steel and iron not in high demand before the rail road d. Bessemer process London smog i. Developed the process for iron and steel 1. developed a machine that blew air through molten pig iron 2. the result was steel that was .4% carbon (pig iron was 3.8% carbon) 3. allowed steel makers to take iron ore in large quantities and turn it into steel ii. burned vast amounts of coal 1. powered trains, household heating, and mills that made the steel 2. made horrible air quality 3. proved deadly to many Londoners in this time period 4. “London Killer Smog’s” e. Profit, management, time zones i. Rail roads are a huge capital investment ii. Rail road co. were the first to maximize profits iii. First large scale business structures
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iv. Hierarchical management v. Had to figure out where every penny was coming and going 1. first accounting departments 2. had a treasury office vi. invented time zones 1. 2 ways to set the clocks in the old days (either at high noon or set it with the setting sun) 2. in 1800’s if they were going to standardize the time zones they made it for the whole world f. Stocks and bonds i. Made wall street ii. Most of the stocks and bonds in the early days were of railroads g. The great resource gobbler i. First great devourer and air polluter h. Transatlantic transference i. From England to the us ii. Tremendous environ impact 2. Luddism a. Weavers, stockingers, croppers i. Skilled workers that knew how to use the machines ii. Stockingers are people that knew how to make socks iii. Croppers that knew how to cut the fabric correctly iv. People that were artists b. Against the machine i. Book written by Nichols Fox ii. Capitalists applied new technology to gain profits and do the work of dozens of the old skilled laborers c. Nichols Fox d. Capitalists, skilled and unskilled workers e. Luddite Rebellion i. Beginning in 1811 ii. Luddite triangle where most of the rebellion began iii. They were skilled textile workers that knew that they would be out of jobs with the new machines f. Ned or King Ludd i. Leader of the luddite rebellion ii. The name luddite comes from him g. Nottingham i. First machine breaking took place h. Machine Breaking i. Broke into a lace making factory and smashed 6 or so of the new machines that replaced the men that made the lace ii. People hired security guards, spies and made machine breaking a capital punishment
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iii.
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