Week 6

Week 6 - Week 6 May 6, 2008 England Laboratory of the...

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Week 6 May 6, 2008 England Laboratory of the Industrial World Today’s Id’s - The British Isles - Industrial Revolution - Smithian Revolution - Thomas Malthus 1. The British Isles a. Celts, Druids i. Celtic people 1. Germanic 2. Already in the British Isles when the Romans came 3. had horses and were very war like ii. Druids 1. The Priests b. Hadrian’s Wall i. Roman emperor Hadrian built a wall 1. 74 miles long 2. in 100-130 Ad 3. keep the barbarians and what wild people from the Southern area c. Angels, Saxons i. Germanic people ii. Migrated around 400 AD after the fall of Rome iii. In manners and small farms d. Norman Conquest i. Middle 1,000’s ii. The English Channel did not stop the invasion e. Duke William i. Of the Normans ii. Nordic people of Viking descent f. King Harold i. Anglo Saxons g. Battle of Hastings i. 1066 The Normans defeated the Christian Anglo Saxons h. William the Conqueror i. Proclaimed himself the king of England ii. In the 1080’s said he had to assess the value of his kingdoms iii. People had to pay taxes to help pay for his estate i. Domesday Book i. Their judgment day
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ii. Came to every village, farm and settlement and wrote down what was there (land, livestock, food, and how many people) iii. 1086 produced 2 volumes 1. Great Domesday 2. Little Domesday iv. Census of more than 13,000 holdings in England v. In 1086 1 million and a half lived in England j. Magna Carta i. 1215 King John drew up the magna carta ii. After John died the document was expanded to include more rights for the non nobility iii. Pro business and pro capitalist economy - In 43 Ad the Romans came to the British Isles - Converted the people of the British Isles to Christianity - England is the first country to embrace capitalism 2. Industrial Revolution a. Enlightenment i. Great Britain was the center of the enlightenment ii. Was a movement of educated people iii. Humans are rational beings and can apply science, and other things to solve their problems b. Mercantilism i. The idea of limiting trade between England and their colonies c. Capitalism i. Supplant mercantilism ii. Beginning really happened in England and Great Britain iii. Factories and lands are privately owned and operated for profit iv. Capitalist 1. needed labor 2. hired lots of workers 3. they built big factories and used water power and steam power d. Mass production and mass consumption i. Mass production 1. Standard goods 2. textiles ii. mass consumption 1. now they are off the farm and earning money 2. can use the money to now buy things that they used to have to produce themselves e. Applied technology (steam) i. Used the steam to turn a wheel
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f. James Watt, Robert Fulton, Eli Whitney i. Watt was a Scottish inventor 1. Figured out a way to move the pistons up and down 2. Steam engine 3. Used for spinning looms g. Pig iron h. Early externalities i. Problems of industrialization not captured by the market place ii. England had really bad air pollution about 250 years ago
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course ES 3 taught by Professor Graves during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Week 6 - Week 6 May 6, 2008 England Laboratory of the...

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