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Hist 2C - Final Study guide

Hist 2C - Final Study guide - HISTORY FINAL STUDYGUIDE...

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HISTORY FINAL STUDYGUIDE Amnesty International When: 1961 Where: Affected the global community. What: Due to the military brutality in Latin America growing human rights groups were inspired to take action. A International non- governmental organization. Defended the cause of prisoners of conscience (detained for their beliefs, color, sex, ethnic origin, language, or religion), Amnesty International catalogued these human rights violations across the world. Who: British lawyer, Peter Benenson Significance: It is a step towards globalization because it pressed for all regions to accept the set standards of human rights. Caused people to function as one society and function together with the same rights and equality. Antiquarian history (use and abuses)* When: Where: What: Who: Significance: Apartheid When: 1948-1990 Where: South Africa What: System that legalized racial segregation – It was dismantled in the early 90s through a serious of negotiations. Who: Enforced by the Afrikaner National Party government of South Africa Significance: It’s important to world history because it’s an example of the legacy of European imperialism and indigenous resistance to colonization. Authoritarian rule When: Mid 19 th century Where: Italy, Germany, Russia What: There are three types of authoritarian ruling: absolutism (divine ruler above the law), bonapartism (charismatic ruler with loyalty of elites), and totalitarianism (charismatic ruler with mass organizations and terror). Who: Benito Mussolini (Fascism), Adolf Hitler (National-Socialism), Josef Stalin (Stalinism) Significance: Key Leaders (Elites and Leaders - EIEIO) who were causes and effects of war. Authoritarian rulers had a say in everything of their nation economics, international affairs, and laws. Balfour Declaration When: Mid 20 th century Where: Britain, Jerusalem, Palestine What: Declaration where the British government promised a homeland for
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the Jews in Palestine and also guaranteed the rights of the indigenous Palestinians. Who: British government, Arabs, Jews Significance: It encouraged the mass immigration of Jewish settlers in the country and therefore set the stage for a conflict between the Jewish and Arab nations that will last until present day. Additionally, it sets up the clashing of two completely different and conflicting ideologies, which inevitably comes with mass violence and instability that eventually goes beyond the countries to affect the world on a global scale. Export-oriented development* When: Where: What: Who: Significance: Feminism When: 1960s in Europe and North America, but 1970s globally Where: Mainly Europe and North America, but globally What: A global movement where feminists and women called for, was not the abolition of gender differences, but equal treatment – equal pay and equal opportunities for obtaining jobs and advancement.
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