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Cl36Sp08L6_Rp4_Ab - CLASSICS 36 LECTURE S IX REPUBLIC 4...

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C LASSICS 36: L ECTURE S IX R EPUBLIC 4: C ITY AND S OUL 1. Introduction of guardians “purges” the luxurious city (399e) they are to restrain unnecessary desires in themselves and unnecessary growth in the city (423c) source of their authority? perceived selflessness (416e-417b; cf. 431e) their education (Book 3) is aimed at developing character rather than imparting skills or information (411e) as benefactors and preservers of the whole city, they have the city’s most important job (374a,e, 421a, 434a-b) • guardian class divided into rulers (= older, most civic-minded guardians) and auxiliaries (younger, serve in army) (412); these rulers not philosopher- kings (who do not appear until Book 5-7) 2. City/soul analogy 2.1 Enables Socrates both to describe the consequences of just behaviour within a society and to respect Glaucon's demand that he should praise justice for itself rather than for its social consquences. 2.2 It is an analogy of elements and structure: both city and individual are just, self-disciplined etc. by virtue of analogous parts being in analogous relation to each other. 2.3 Rulers, auxiliaries and providers are respectively the thoughtful, spirited,
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