Cl36Sp08L8_Rp5-6_Ab - CLASSICS 36: LECTURE EIGHT REPUBLIC...

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CLASSICS 36: LECTURE EIGHT REPUBLIC BOOKS 5-6: PHILOSOPHER-KINGS 1. Knowledge vs Opinion 1.1 To love something is to love the whole of it (474c-d); , so “philo-sophy” (love of wisdom or knowledge) is desire for whole of wisdom, i.e. for wisdom as such; so that (for first time) Soc. isolates object of desire for highest part of soul. 1.2 How true philosophers differ from theatre-goers (475d): although theatre-goers do resemble philosophers in that they love their kind of “learning” for its own sake (not for practical consequences), the learning that comes from attending theatrical spectacle is (a) designed only to suit their current tastes (compare analogy of the animal trainer at 493a-c), and (b) limited to the domain of what happen to be their particular cultural values. Both their tastes and their culture is changeable, no more beautiful than ugly (479a); they are objects of mere “opinion” (476d). Philosophers, by contrast, love the learning that comes from the spectacle of truth (475e); whole world is their “theatre,” which they attend to in
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course CLASSIC 36 taught by Professor Ferrari during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Cl36Sp08L8_Rp5-6_Ab - CLASSICS 36: LECTURE EIGHT REPUBLIC...

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