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C LASSICS 36: L ECTURE N INETEEN LOVE , DEATH , AND ILLUSION : L UCRETIUS , THE WAY THINGS ARE , BOOKS 3-4 1. Mortality of the soul 1.1 The human soul is bodily; consists of atoms, like everything else (though very fine ones, p.91-2). Argument for its corporeality: (a) affects other parts of the body, which can only happen by contact, touch (p.91); (b) is affected by what happens in other parts of body (p.91, p. 100); (c) is functionally intertwined with other parts of body in sensation (eyes are not portals, p. 96-7). 1.2 Soul divided into ‘mind’ ( animus ) and ‘spirit’ ( anima ). Roughly corresponds to modern distinction between functions of brain and of nervous system; but note that mind is located in the chest, not the head (p. 90), and that neither mind nor spirit are identified with familiar anatomical parts (e.g. heart). 1.3 Soul not just bodily but also mortal: dies along with rest of body (p.98- 105). Argument: (a) Subject to diseases like any part of body ; (b) diseases of and injuries to other parts of body detrimentally affect soul too; (c)is contained by bodily frame as by a vessel, but too delicate to survive outside it; (d) makes no sense to think the immortal could be so closely joined to the mortal (p.109). 1.4
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course CLASSIC 36 taught by Professor Ferrari during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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