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Unformatted text preview: — subject/ substrate/ substratum: that which underlies (e.g. marble is the underlying thing common to this lump of marble and the statue made from it.) Notice that “subject” is a functional category; the term does not pick out some particular kind of thing in the world (as, by contrast, “substance” or “species” does). If Socrates becomes tan in the summer, he (the substance) is the subject of the change from pale to tan. But what he is is a substance rather than a subject. In the example of the statue it is the matter that is the subject. So different kinds of things can function as subject (because subject is a functional category) — privation = absence of a form (e.g. matter of Venus de Milo = marble, form = artistic organisation it exhibits, privation = unworked shapelessness of the marble from which it was made)...
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course CLASSIC 36 taught by Professor Ferrari during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '08