Exam 3 Review - Soc 110 Exam III Study Guide Page 1 REVIEW...

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Ordinary Citizens Politicians, Communities,  and Religious Leaders Psychotic Killers Paramilitaries  Soc 110 Exam III Study Guide Page  1 REVIEW EXAM III:  CONFLICT AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION I. Northern Ireland Background a. Plantation of Ulster i. Period of English and Scottish colonization on Ireland is known as the “Plantation of Ulster” in seventeenth  century ii. In English view, Irish were an uncivilized people against whom the most brutal tactics could be employed iii. English were never able to get full control because of too few settlers and Irish resistance iv. In 1641,  Irish (Catholics) resisted English (Protestant) control and revolted, resulting in a Protestant massacre  v. This was avenged few years later by English dictator Oliver Cromwell and remaining land possessed by Catholics  recaptured vi. In the end, Ulster was held almost entirely by Protestants, as is seen today vii. Colonization and suppression of Catholics in Ulster at this time produced the antipathies and armed hostilities that  have continued to today b.  Ireland’s “Great Migration” i. At the end of the seventeenth century, Protestants took over because of a bunch of military victories ii. Penal laws were enacted, further suppressing the Catholic populace (As seen with the restrictions set on the  Catholic clergy and Irish educational system) iii. While laws were set up to suppress most severely the Catholics, other laws were set to suppress the Scottish  Presbyterians in Ulster iv. This prompted the mass migration of thousands of Ulster Presbyterians to the United States v. These people became “Scotch-Irish,” and an integral element of colonial American population in eighteenth  century c. Home Rule & Partition i. Late in nineteenth century, sentiment grew in England for the establishment of home rule in Ireland ii. Protestants in Ulster adamantly resisted this, with the slogan “Home rule is Rome rule.”
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 Soc 110 Exam III Study Guide Page  2 iii. Campaign against home rule produced a set of institutions, most notably the Orange Order, an organization that  combined political, military, religious, and fraternal elements and even today, remains prominent in social and  political influence  iv. First shelved away when Conservatives (who didn’t favor home rule in Ireland)  came to power, but when Liberals  (who did favor home rule in Ireland) won next election, Unionists went crazy again v.
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