Exam 1 Review - EXAM 1 REV IEW: EDUCAT ION Term Definition...

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Unformatted text preview: EXAM 1 REV IEW: EDUCAT ION Term Definition Sociological Imagination Pitchford : Ability to see the individual in a social context Mills : The individual can understand his own experience and gauge his own fate only by locating himself within his period and The sociological imagination enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society. Troubles vs. Issues Mills defines troubles as problems within an individual and his or her immediate relations, whereas issues take on a greater scale, focusing on matters of the larger society. He goes on to describe issues as having to do with similar and overlapping milieu, creating a greater, more public matter. Both are forms of conflict, but differ by their levels of focus: troubles with the individual and issues with the society. Consensus Paradigm Everything is functional, organism example Ex. Functionalist theory on education, functionalist family or religion, neoclassical economy theory Cults and the Sociological Imagination Realize that behaviors that look deviant are actually conformist ( Refer to Cult Recruitment: Network ties, the Unchurched ) Cult Formation: Innovation, Importation Innovation : Cults are formed from completely new thoughts, AKA, make it up. Ex. Heavens Gate Importation : Cults are formed in an 1 offshoot of something else, AKA, an idea gets more weird, AKA, take a religion to a new economy where it hasnt been before. Ex. Children of God Cult Success: Niche In order for a cult to succeed, it must fill a niche, like in supply and demand. Could happen during any sort of social upheaval. Ex. Bubonic Plague, Ghost Dancing Cult Recruitment: Network ties, the Unchurched Network Ties : Ties to people in the new religious movement outweigh ties to people outside of it FFing provided strong ties to recruit more people More of an act of conformity than one of personal choice The Unchurched : People who are already religiously committed are less likely to convert Unchurched therefore more likely because theyre religiously available So behaviors that look deviant are actually conformist L INK INDIVIDUALS TO THE SOCIAL CONTEXT! Conflict Paradigm Focuses on the competitive struggle among individuals and groups in society Marxist approach Ex. Students with teachers, criminals with police, etc. Functionalist Theory of Stratification and 2 Functionalist Theory: Davis & Moore Functionalist Theory: Davis & Moore continued Education 1. Some jobs are more important, & require more skills, than others 2. Not everyone has talents that can be turned into skills....
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Exam 1 Review - EXAM 1 REV IEW: EDUCAT ION Term Definition...

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