Ch 5 Greece: Geometric
-Return to figure painting on ceramics. 900-800BCE. Funerary art.
and Centaur 750-730BCE, bronze, 4.5’’.
Probably Herakles and Nessos. Composite monsters.
Beginning of figural art.
Mantiklos Apollo, Thebes, c.700-680BCE,
More exposed to eastern art during this time. Black figure painting, on vases etching out
highlights and accents with red or white. First stone temples.
Statuary art. 750-480BCE.
Kouros 600BCE 6’.5’’ marble.
Pericles 450-400BCE. Built Parthenon for
Athena. Came into power in 461BCE. Plato, Socrates, Hypocrates present in this period.
and Parthenon 447-438BCE
: many votives, Parthenon is the principle structure and culmination of
architectural ideas. Phidias is the architect. Center of civic pride and state religion, was built through
taxation. 40ft statue of Athena in temple. Doric temple w/ 8 columns across the front and 17 on the
century sculpture changed from serene idealism to realism focusing on the individual.
Intensity, sensuality, and character of figures.
Aphrodite of Knidos 350BCE 6’8’’
of goddess and an early Greek female nude. Seen in an everyday activity.
Hermes with infant
Dionysos 330BCE 7’1’’
soft transitions, sensuous languor, s curve of figure is characteristic of Prax
depicts a moment of tenderness.
Located on east and west pediments. East pediment:
birth of Athena, figures not symm, filled with movement and action. Hestia, Dione, and Aphrodite all
reclining, drapery a vehicle for conveying emotion, energy and dynamic motion.
Myron & Polykeitos:
Ch 9 Etruscan:
Loose confederation of city states N. Italy during 5
influenced by Greeks and absorbed by romans in 4
century. Characterized as rustic, vigorous.
Temples resemble Greeks in use of pediments, columns, porches. Used terracotta clay as a material.
Used arches later adopted by Romans. Noted for terracotta use in temple roof figures and funerary