Art notecard - Ch 5 Greece Geometric-Return to figure...

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Ch 5 Greece: Geometric -Return to figure painting on ceramics. 900-800BCE. Funerary art. Hero and Centaur 750-730BCE, bronze, 4.5’’. Probably Herakles and Nessos. Composite monsters. Beginning of figural art. Orientalizing: 7 th century BCE. Mantiklos Apollo, Thebes, c.700-680BCE, bronze, 8’’. More exposed to eastern art during this time. Black figure painting, on vases etching out highlights and accents with red or white. First stone temples. Archaic: Statuary art. 750-480BCE. Kouros 600BCE 6’.5’’ marble. Classical (Pericles): Pericles 450-400BCE. Built Parthenon for Athena. Came into power in 461BCE. Plato, Socrates, Hypocrates present in this period. Acropolis and Parthenon 447-438BCE : many votives, Parthenon is the principle structure and culmination of architectural ideas. Phidias is the architect. Center of civic pride and state religion, was built through taxation. 40ft statue of Athena in temple. Doric temple w/ 8 columns across the front and 17 on the sides. 4 th century sculpture changed from serene idealism to realism focusing on the individual. Intensity, sensuality, and character of figures. Praxiteles: Aphrodite of Knidos 350BCE 6’8’’ first nude of goddess and an early Greek female nude. Seen in an everyday activity. Hermes with infant Dionysos 330BCE 7’1’’ soft transitions, sensuous languor, s curve of figure is characteristic of Prax depicts a moment of tenderness. Parthenon: Located on east and west pediments. East pediment: birth of Athena, figures not symm, filled with movement and action. Hestia, Dione, and Aphrodite all reclining, drapery a vehicle for conveying emotion, energy and dynamic motion. Myron & Polykeitos: sculpted athletes. Ch 9 Etruscan: Loose confederation of city states N. Italy during 5 th th centuries. Isolated, influenced by Greeks and absorbed by romans in 4 th century. Characterized as rustic, vigorous. Temples resemble Greeks in use of pediments, columns, porches. Used terracotta clay as a material. Used arches later adopted by Romans. Noted for terracotta use in temple roof figures and funerary
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course ART 204 taught by Professor Westford during the Winter '08 term at Linn Benton Community College.

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Art notecard - Ch 5 Greece Geometric-Return to figure...

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