Soaps vs Detergents - Soaps vs Detergents Soaps Soaps are...

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Soaps vs Detergents Soaps Soaps are surfactants which are substances that seem to make water “wetter” by lowering the surface tension of a liquid which allows for easier spreading. Soaps are used with water for washing and cleansing. Chemically soap is comprised of organic materials using the fatty acids found in triglycerides, and an alkali. Soaps are made through a process called saponification which involves heating up fats and oils and then reacting them with an alkali to produce soap, water, and glycerin. Another common way of making soap is through a process of neutralizing fatty acids with an alkali. In this process, fats and oils are split with a high pressure steam that will result in crude fatty acids and glycerine. Page 1 of 7 Alkali Fatty Acid Saponification Fatty Acid
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If the alkali happens to be sodium hydroxide, then this sodium-soap can be classified as a hard soap. If the alkali is potassium hydroxide, this potassium soap will be used in softer soaps, and even some liquid soaps and shaving creams. The carboxylate end of the soap molecule is what is attracted to water, and it is referred to as the hydrophilic, or water-loving, end. The hydrocarbon chain is attracted to oils and grease, and is actually repelled by water so this region is known as the hydrophobic, or water hating, end. Soap is a great cleaning agent, but some of its effectiveness is lessened when used
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Soaps vs Detergents - Soaps vs Detergents Soaps Soaps are...

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