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HIEA114-1B - HIEA114[WEEK1B April 3 2008 LECTURE OUTLINE I...

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HIEA114 [WEEK1B] / April 3, 2008 LECTURE OUTLINE: I. Beginnings: How to End War? A. “Melodrama”: Negotiating Unconditional Surrender 1. State not Monolithic Actors 2. Issues a. Tennozan – winning a big final battle; all eggs in 1 basket. b. Atomic Device B. Decision to Drop Bomb 1. Nascent cold war 2. Two Billion $$ secret 3. Hindsight C. Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1. Japanese Reaction D. Decision to Surrender 1. Soviets declare war 2. Japan sues of peace 3. US Response A. MELODRAMA: NEGOTIATING UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER - They knew than Japan could not win the war, so they wanted a negotiated surrender. ** Key players in prosecution of war: 1. Prime Minister 2. Secretary of War (Civilian, not a military person) 3. Secretary of Navy 4/5. Chiefs of Staff of the Navy (2) 6. Foreign Minister - 1944-1945 The Japanese army was in China/Manchuria. Their role was principally to occupy and control the mainland. Most of the navy ships were sunk. - 1945 The “Big Six” was split on how to end the war. The 3/3 vote was: * Prime Minister, Foreign Minister and Secretary of War for peace negotiations. * Secretary of Navy and Chiefs of Staff wanted the continuation of war in order to put Japan in a underhand position wherein surrender would a negotiated settlement on Japanese terms; “ tennozan .” - They would need army people from China / commit all resources for the final stand in hopes of settlement on Japanese terms.
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