Phil final paper

Phil final paper - Andrew Lucas 6/2/08 Philosophy 4 TA:...

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Andrew Lucas 6/2/08 Philosophy 4 TA: Alex Bundy; Friday 12:00 The issue of abortion has been one of controversy ever since the Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade in 1973. The ruling was that women had the constitutional right to receive an abortion. Even though abortion is such a controversial topic, women continue to practice their right. Today, there are over 3,500 abortions per day in the U.S. only. That comes out to more than 1.25 million abortions per year. There are many who argue that abortion is a morally wrong act, but there are also those who argue that abortion is, in fact, morally permissible. Judith Thomson is one of the most important people on the topic of abortion. Her article on abortion is, most likely, very influential in the ratification of the Abortion Law. Her article covers multiple angles of the topic, and addresses why abortion is morally permissible. Even though Thomson lays out very clear and well-constructed arguments, I feel that there really is no clear position to take on the argument. The anti-abortion argument is a fairly straightforward but logical one. It argues that the fetus is, in fact, a person, and that every person has the right to life, and therefore the fetus has a right to life. The argument also states that a person has the right to decide what happens to her body, but it also argues that a person’s right to life outweighs a person’s right to do what they will with their body. That would mean that it is morally wrong to kill a fetus, and since an abortion kills the fetus, it is morally wrong to have an abortion. The typical abortionist argument to this is that a fetus is not a person. Abortionists believe that the fetus is not a full human being until later in the pregnancy. Thomson goes about the argument a little differently, though. For the sake of the
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argument, she states that the fetus in, in fact, a person at the moment of conception. (Thomson p.48) Technically, she is telling you that a fetus has the right to life, even though she does not really believe this herself. Thomson targets a different piece of the anti-abortionist view. She attacks their position on whether or not a person’s right to life outweighs that of a person’s right to do what they will to their own body. She then goes into her violinist analogy. She creates a fake scenario of a person waking up one day to find himself hooked up to a famous
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Phil final paper - Andrew Lucas 6/2/08 Philosophy 4 TA:...

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