Mental Health Exam 1 - Mental Health Exam 1 Mental health able to recognize own potential cope with normal stress work productively make a contribution

Mental Health Exam 1 - Mental Health Exam 1 Mental health...

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Mental Health Exam 1 Mental health- able to recognize own potential, cope with normal stress, work productively, make a contribution to the community Traits of mental health- think rationally, communicate appropriately, learn, grow emotionally, be resilient, have a healthy self-esteem Mental illness- disorders with definable diagnosis. Significant dysfunction in mental functioning r/t developmental, biological, and physiological disturbances Culturally defined Resilience- ability and capacity to secure resources needed to support well-being (essential to recovery) Characterized by: optimism, sense of mastery, competence Diathesis- biological predisposition (runs in families) Stress- environmental stress or trauma Combination of genetic vulnerability and negative environmental stressors DSM5- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, 5 th edition (official medical guidelines of the American Psychiatric Association for diagnosing psychiatric disorders) Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses- employ purposeful use of self, use nursing, psychosocial, neurobiological theories and research, work with people throughout the lifespan, employed in a variety of settings NANDA- North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International NANDA-I describes a nursing diagnosis as a clinical judgement about individual, family, or community responses to actual or potential health problems and life processes Future challenges and roles- aging population (Alzheimer’s & dementia), increasing cultural diversity (cultural competence), expanding technology, patient advocacy, legislative involvement Psychoanalytic Theories- Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory- revolutionized the way we think about mental health. Freud’s theory offers a comprehensive explanation of complex human processes and suggests that the formation of a patient’s personality is strongly influenced by childhood experiences. Personality structure- Id- pleasure principle, reflex action, primary process (babies, go- green light)
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Ego- problem solver, reality tester (older, caution- yellow light) Superego- moral competence (angel on shoulder, red light) Defense mechanisms and anxiety- operate on unconscious level. Deny, falsify, or distort reality to make it less threatening) Useful to a point Experiences during the early stages of life determine and individual’s lifetime adjustment patterns and personality traits. (first 5 years) Freudian Theory and Nursing- Formation of personality, conscious and unconscious influences, importance of individual talk sessions, attentive listening, transference, and counter transference. Transference- Pt treats you like someone in their life Countertransference- Staff treats pt. like someone in their life Erikson’s Ego Theory- Eight stages of development (Personality continues to develop through old age).
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