UTI 1 - PHIL203 Ethics Utilitarianism Professor Jeff Jordan...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 PHIL203 – Ethics Utilitarianism Professor Jeff Jordan PHIL203: Ethics A Roadmap to Ethics Are there moral facts? PHIL203: Ethics Consequentialism Utilitarianis m Classical Utilitarianism Consequentialist Principle: The rightness (wrongness) of an action is determined by the good (bad) which results from that action. PHIL203: Ethics
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Classical Utilitarianism Consequentialist Principle: Moral status (rightness/wrongness) of an act is determined by that act’s consequences. The Good is prior to the Right. The Good determines moral status. Consequences not part of act. Effects distinct from act. PHIL203: Ethics Classical Utilitarianism Hedonic Principle: The only intrinsic good is happiness. PHIL203: Ethics Classical Utilitarianism SENTIENCE is the key property that determines whether something is of direct moral consideration.
Background image of page 2
3 Sentience Sentience = ability to feel pleasure and pain. Sentience Humanity are not relevant. The issue is: Can a thing suffer? Classical Utilitarianism Hedonic Principle: The only intrinsic good is happiness. Happiness = pleasure + absence of pain Naturalistic: Good = natural property PHIL203: Ethics
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Classical Utilitarianism Equality Principle: Everyone’s interests count the same. PHIL203: Ethics Classical Utilitarianism CU = Consequentialist Principle, AND… Hedonic Principle, AND… Equality Principle. Classical Utilitarianism Key idea of CU: If the world would be better off by doing A than by not doing A, then doing A is obligatory. PHIL203: Ethics
Background image of page 4
5 Classical Utilitarianism An act A maximizes value just in case doing A brings about a better state of affairs than performing some act other than A would. PHIL203: Ethics Classical Utilitarianism What kind of effect or consequence is relevant? PHIL203: Ethics Classical Utilitarianism Actual Effects? Or: PHIL203: Ethics
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Classical Utilitarianism Intended Effects? Or: PHIL203: Ethics Classical Utilitarianism Reasonably Expected Effects? Classical Utilitarianism What kind of effect / consequence is relevant? Actual Effects: Omniscience required Intended Effects: Can be irrational Reasonably Expected Effects: The relevant kind PHIL203: Ethics
Background image of page 6
Effects G.E. Moore (1873- 1958) held that the actual effects were morally relevant. But this seems to lead to moral skepticism Effects Since the total set of effects of an action usually extends well beyond what we can determine, then (if the actual effects were relevant) we could not determine the value of the total set of effects. Hence, we could not know whether an action was right or wrong. Effects
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 27

UTI 1 - PHIL203 Ethics Utilitarianism Professor Jeff Jordan...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online