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Egoism - PHIL203 Ethics Egoism Professor Jeff Jordan...

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1 PHIL203 – Ethics Egoism Professor Jeff Jordan PHIL203: Ethics A Roadmap to Ethics Are there moral facts? PHIL203: Ethics Consequentialism Egosim Utilitarianism Reading Please read R6. R6 = chapter six of Rachels, “Ethical Egoism”.
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2 Egoism Psychological Egoism : The ultimate goal of every person is to benefit himself or herself. PHIL203: Ethics Egoism All the ultimate goals of the egoist are self-directed. PHIL203: Ethics Egoism Ultimate =df sought for itself, not sought as a means to something else. PHIL203: Ethics
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3 Egoism Goal =df the end or motivation for a behavior. PHIL203: Ethics Egoism A goal or action done to benefit oneself is self-regarding. Egoism Psychological Hedonism : The ultimate goal of every person is to avoid pain and attain pleasure. PHIL203: Ethics
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4 Egoism Motivational Pluralism : Persons have a variety of ultimate goals, including the ultimate goal to benefit others. PHIL203: Ethics Egoism A goal to benefit another, with no (foreseeable) benefit to oneself, is other-directed. PHIL203: Ethics Altruism and Egoism Altruism : An action done by one person to benefit another person, which has a foreseeable net cost or harm to the agent. PHIL203: Ethics
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5 Altruism and Egoism Motivational altruism: Having the benefit of others as an ultimate goal. PHIL203: Ethics Altruism and Egoism Fatal altruism: An act done by S to benefit P , which has a foreseeable cost of S ’s life. PHIL203: Ethics Altruism and Egoism Evolutionary altruism: Benefiting another (benefit usually thought to be increasing the fitness of others), whether this is a goal or not. At least three kinds PHIL203: Ethics
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6 “Altruism” and Egoism Evolutionary altruism1 : An action done by one person S to benefit another person, which benefits S (say, by survival, or by reproduction). PHIL203: Ethics “Altruism” and Egoism Kin-altruism or Inclusive Fitness would fit here. (will define later) “Altruism” and Egoism Evolutionary altruism2 : A reciprocal “game” in which A aids B, and at a later time, B aids A. PHIL203: Ethics
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7 “Altruism” and Egoism Evolutionary altruism3 : Behavior to benefit another is caused by selfish genes in order to replicate themselves.
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