Ethics Noncognitivism

Ethics Noncognitivism - PHIL203 Ethics Noncognitivism...

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1 PHIL203 – Ethics Noncognitivism Professor Jeff Jordan A Roadmap to Ethics Are there moral facts? NO Noncognitivism Emotivism Prescriptivism PHIL203: Ethics Noncognitivism Noncognitivist Thesis: Moral claims are neither true nor false. Moral claims lack a truth-value. PHIL203: Ethics
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2 Noncognitivism Noncognitivist Thesis: Moral claims are neither true nor false. Moral claims lack a truth-value. Moral claims are purely subjective. PHIL203: Ethics Noncognitivism Consider the sentences below: 1. Pepsi tastes good. 2. *@#!%.,: * ) / >*^. PHIL203: Ethics Noncognitivism If noncognitivism were true, then moral claims like: 3. It is wrong to murder Are like sentences (1) and (2): (3) is no more true (or false) than the others (assuming that (1), being a preference, is neither true nor false). PHIL203: Ethics
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3 Two Kinds of Noncognitivism Emotivism: Moral claims are expressions of one’s preferences and emotions. PHIL203: Ethics Two Kinds of Noncognitivism Prescriptivism: Moral claims are i. universal in form, ii. Serve as advice (do this, do not do this), iii. But moral claims are neither true nor false. PHIL203: Ethics Emotivism Emotivism is the view that moral language/moral claims are nothing but two functions (largely involuntary): Moral claims express one’s feelings (verbal ejaculations) PHIL203: Ethics
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4 Emotivism Moral claims influence others to imitate Express/assert No propositional content: murder is wrong = murder boo. No real difference between the moral beliefs of Adolph Hitler and Mother Teresa. PHIL203: Ethics Prescriptivism Prescriptivism is the view that moral language/moral claims are nothing but individual preferences which are of: Universal form And Function as prescriptions PHIL203: Ethics Noncognitivism: prescriptivism And Function as principles/reasons for acting PHIL203: Ethics
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5 Prescriptivism Prescription = command, imperative.
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Ethics Noncognitivism - PHIL203 Ethics Noncognitivism...

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