36 - Acids and Bases Arrhenius Definition specific to water...

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H 1+ OH 1- Acid : produce ______ in water. Base : produce ______ in water. Arrhenius: HNO 3 H 1+ + NO 3 1- Arrhenius Acid Arrhenius Base KOH K 1+ + OH 1- Section 12.0 Acids and Bases: Arrhenius Definition – specific to water Neutralization: H 1+ + OH 1- H OH water acceptor donor Acid : electron pair ___________. Base : electron pair ___________. Lewis: To understand organic reactivity: Lewis Acid – generally has < 4 electron regions Al Cl Cl Cl O CO C H O H δ + δ - δ - δ - δ + δ - δ - δ - δ + Section 12.1 Acids and Bases: Lewis Definition – any solvent acceptor donor Acid : electron pair ___________. Base : electron pair ___________. Lewis: To understand organic reactivity: Lewis Base – generally has lone pairs P Cl Cl Cl C H O H δ + δ - δ - δ - δ - δ + N H H H δ + δ - δ + δ + Section 12.1 Acids and Bases: Lewis Definition – any solvent An example of a Lewis-Acid Catalyzed Reaction A l C δ + - Cl δ + Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Cl H δ + δ - Section 12.1 © Lori Petrovich OCO O HH C O H O O H δ + δ - δ - C O O O H H O Lewis Acid-Base Reaction – Standing water is acidic Section 12.1 H C O O O H O H H Lewis acid Lewis base Lewis acid O Lewis base Acid : proton ___________. Base : proton ___________. Brønsted: donor acceptor + e Hydrogen atom: 1 proton 1 electron Remove e - + Hydrogen ion (H 1+ ): 1 proton Section 12.2 Acids and Bases: Bronsted Definition – focuses on protons
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Cl O O H HClO 2 OH Na 1+ + NaOH acidic hydrogen (proton) δ + δ - Proton acceptor Brønsted base Proton donor Brønsted acid Section 12.2 Cl O O H H ClO 2 + OH 1- Æ H Cl O
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course CH 101 taught by Professor Bigham during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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36 - Acids and Bases Arrhenius Definition specific to water...

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