Essay 1 - Essay 1 After a long period of isolationism China and then Japan came under pressure from the West to open to foreign trade and relations They

Essay 1 - Essay 1 After a long period of isolationism China...

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Essay 1: After a long period of isolationism, China and then Japan came under pressure from the West to open to foreign trade and relations. They were both in the gap between Europe and the U.S, and it left them both behind technologically and with their military. Neither of them had the power to stand up to the Western nationsEventually both were forced sign unequal treaties to open their ports and cities to foreign merchants.The process happened in both, but the reaction to it was different on both sides.The western nations were not okay with how Japan and China had their trade on such limits. So Lord Napier was sent by Britain to pressure the Chinese into allowing more open trade. Chinese rejected the requests and this led to the first Opium War, in which the Chinese were defeated. And also established a system of unequal treaties. On the other hand. Japan was much more receptive to the demands of the Western envoys. The U.S sent Commodore Perry over to give an ultimatum to Japan to open its ports.The Japanese accepted to negotiate with them. In the end, treaties with the West, through which China and Japan’s long lasting seclusion came to an end, were signed by both nations. “Treaty of Kanagawa”Western nations didn’t force Japan to end its isolationism until the 1850s, which is more than a decade after the beginning of the First Opium War in China. This was because they were already engaged in other parts of Asia, which created a buffer for them, and because of its lack of resources and demand for Western goods, it lessened Japan’s attractiveness to the West. Japan was kept informed of what was going on in the Opium War, and the Dutch warned them that they were going to accede to foreign demands, and open their trading ports. Therefore, Japan got to see first-hand

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