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MMW2finalstudyguide

MMW2finalstudyguide - WORD Asouka Maurya DEFINITION AND...

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WORD DEFINITION AND HISTORY SIGNIFIGANCE Asouka Maurya Indian leader lead from 269-232  Public relations campaign to restore the dharma and convert to  Buddhism Also trained traveling censors of morality-reward for following dharma,  makes self available to officials Inscriptions on rocks written in Sanskrit-called edicts Contributions to the spread of Buddhism in  India=obey father and mother, sacred life,  speak truth, respect others, courteous to  relatives Inscriptions made by him are the earliest  writing from India there is access to, edicts.  Etiology, explains why things were the way  they were. Sanskrit Language of the learned, edicts of Asauka Maurya written in it  Dharma 753-709 BC Founding of Rome – the start with monarchy and kings, 7 for the 7 hills  of rome The founding of one of the greatest and most  influential empires and civilizations of all time  Livy/Livius Writer of the history of rome, ad urbe condita  Livuis is his roman name  Starts with the Trojan war (aeneas, ascanius, iulus) b/c romans  dccsended from Trojans-13 th  generation=romulus and remus , written  on 142 scrolls—only 30 survive Aeneas Hero from Troy, goes on to be the first to land in Italy with son  Iulus/Ascanius  Picture, he holds his father on his back, son holding his hand, and wife  trailing behind  His ancestors are the founder of rome, so  claimed to be born from Trojan blood Iulus/Ascanius Son of Aeneas, two names- Trojan and roman name Destined to propogate the founding of rome Continues the line of Aeneas which leads to  Romulus and Remus and the founding of  Rome Auspices/Augur Those who study the flight of the birds to predict the future etc Flight of the birds apparently shows that  Romulus will found rome Etiology, helps the romans answer why things 
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are the way they are Haurispex  Those who predict the entrails (liver, intestines) of animals to predict  future and interpret  Divination is an important part of roman culture,  people had jobs dedicated to certain practices Lictor A ceremonial attendant in the founding of Rome, accompanied the  ruler and displayed authority by beating up those who disobeyed the  law with fasces (see below) How they instituted authority, scared people  into obeying the law Fasces A bundle carried by the lictor, containing an axe wrapped with rods Pretty scary, total intimidation  Numa Romulus was supposedly whipped up by the winds and taken to the  heavens  Gave Romans their religion, customs that were  kept for years afterwards Vesta/ Vestal Virgins Goddess of the hearth—had a flame in the center of rome that had to  be tended to and kept going by the vestal virgins.
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