5 Hist Lecture

5 Hist Lecture - 3/5 Hist Lecture 3/5/2008 9:01:00 AM -What...

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3/5 Hist Lecture 05/03/2008 12:01:00 -What is modernization? What makes something modern? Technology, the way it has infused our everyday lives, made them easier, but  also more complicated some people would say Equality Japan In late 1 st  millennium: powerful aristocratic clans; competing mini-states; rice  cultivation;  metallurgy Strong Chinese influence; Japanese borrowed: o Confucian values o Buddhist religion o System of writing; literature o Idea of centralized rule, bureaucracy By early 2 nd  millennium Japan was both centralized and decentralized o Japanese recognized imperial power, but emperors remained  figureheads o Powerful clans wielded real power; shogun (military governor) ruled in  emperor’s place o Shogun competed with provincial lords, daimyo, who controlled local  regions o Instability promoted military ethos Samurai Professional warriors serving provincial lords
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Daimyo provided food, clothing, housing Became increasingly valued during long wards between shogun and daimyo Emerged as privileged military nobility Unification of Japan Power and authority among emperor, shogun, and daimyo unspecified In 1500s tensions erupted into civil war: Warring States Period o Various daimyo enacted own laws o Portuguese arrived 1543, sold guns to southern daimyo o Strong military figures sought to unite Japan, also launched foreign  excursions Tokugawa Ieyasu
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2008 for the course HIST 2B taught by Professor Hämalaien during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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5 Hist Lecture - 3/5 Hist Lecture 3/5/2008 9:01:00 AM -What...

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