9 Hist Lecture

9 Hist Lecture - 1/9/2008 History Lecture The World in 1000...

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1/9/2008 History Lecture The World in 1000 CE: Centers and Peripheries In this year, Otto III, “emperor of the world” - gained power at age of 16 - saw that his old teacher was made pope - wanted to model old Roman empire Explaining the rise of the Islamic Empire - Internal cohesion o Five pillars of Islam o Sacred Law (derived from the Quran) o Umma, community of the faithful - Moral obligation to spread Islam (jihad) - Islam is portable o Doctrinal unity, limited number of sacred texts o Shares monotheism and prophets with Judaism and Christianity o Could build on Christianity’s early successes - Religious tolerance; Abbasids (750-1258) opened administration to non-Arabs - Political organization: centrally-led Islamic state led by caliphs; Umayyads (661- 750) solved succession disputes - Strong economy: new crops from India, Southeast Asia - Weak rivals: Byzantine and Sasanid empires faced peasant uprisings in 600s. -
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2008 for the course HIST 2B taught by Professor Hämalaien during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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9 Hist Lecture - 1/9/2008 History Lecture The World in 1000...

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