Family Developement First Doc Exam 3

Family Developement First Doc Exam 3 - April 1 2008...

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April 1, 2008 Transitioning to Parenthood with Guest Lecturer – Amy Roetzel ~Discipline- one part of socialization process, Discipline encounters occur frequently during early childhood, Discipline strategies vary depending on caregiving style. ~Caregiving style- two major factors related to a parent’s style of caregiving: responsiveness and demandingness- both are on a continuum. Authoritative parents are good parents- highly responsive and demanding Authoritarian parents are bad parents- low response and high demanding Permissive-by-choice are bad- high responsiveness and low demanding Permissive-by-default are bad- low responsiveness a low demanding ~Physical Punishment Use= over 90% of parents use physical punishment, higher percentage use with 2-4 yr olds, support lies in the medical community with some pediatricians arguing for its appropriateness if done by loving parents in a non- harmful way. ~African American women of young children, and people in the south spank the most. ~Why is spanking so prevalent? Intergenerational transmission! Social learning theory- a person may develop a set of rules or norms concerning the desirability of PP as a result of a history of such practices. Represent “a normal part of parenting.” ~Frequency= approval of using such practices (even for individuals who do not have children.) ~Specific type= approval of such practices (ex= “spanking to spanking”) ~How much spanking is too much? Examined studies that report PP frequencies within a 24/48- hour time frame is 5 spankings in one day. ~Outcomes of physical punishment use- do get immediate compliance, but also childhood aggression, impaired parent-child relationships, delinquent criminal and antisocial behavior as an adult, depression during adulthood, harsh punitive discipline with child abuse. (Spanking does not have as many negative outcomes in African American children.) ~What about children who are really bad? Straus & Giles-Sims (1997) study- interested in anti-social behavior, more spanking leads to higher negative outcomes ~What exactly is spanking? These are fuzzy in studies. Responding to children’s misbehaviors= Instrumental aggression- aimed at obtaining or getting back at some object or privilege their goal is blocked. What do you do? Don’t ignore it even if the other child is not complaining, acknowledge the child’s frustrations, help them construct another solution.
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~Children’s challenging behaviors- immediately interrupt behavior that is harmful or unfair, change the context, remove the child from a problem situation, get a second similar toy, set a time limit on use Guidance strategies- develop reasonable limits/ rules, help the children accept the limits, redirect slightly inappropriate behavior, teach helpful of appropriate behavior, encourage children’s efforts, active listening “I-messages” ~Conclusion- effects of mild spanking are not clear, but why use it if other things work better, when you spank your behavior can escalate, can cause negative
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Family Developement First Doc Exam 3 - April 1 2008...

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