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Fourth Several Weeks of Family Developement

Fourth Several Weeks of Family Developement - Before the...

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Before the Lights Go Out presenter= Shannon Rauh February 26, 2008 A women for about 840 days during her lifetime (1 or 2 days per month for about 35 years) A man is fertile for about 18250 days during his lifetime (24 hours a day for 50 years or more) A women who has intercourse with contraception has a 90% chance of getting of getting pregnant within the year. The oral contraceptive pill= about 200 million women around the world have taken the birth control pill since 1960. It is a combination of estrogen and progestin, a synthetic form of progesterone; 99.5% theoretical/ 97% practical. Works in four ways-1. Prevents ovulation 2. Creates a hostile uterine environment 3. Thickens cervical mucus plug 4. Affects tube motility Risk is very low, here they are= abdominal pain, chest pain/shortness of breath, severe headache, eye problems/flashing lights, severe leg pains. IUD intrauterine Device Mirena IUD. Depo Provera= decreases bone density possibly, weight gain as well (this one is a shot), its is progestin only February 28, 2008 Singlehood Single= Not married- census data; does not necessarily mean uninvolved of unattached to a romantic partner. Singles may include heterosexual cohabiting couples, same-sex couples dating Overlap with singlehood and living alone Number of singles in U.S. has increased 37.5 million – 1970 vs. 100 million – 2005 28% - 1970 vs. 41% - 2005 Three Demographic Categories of Singles 1. Divorced (single-again) 2. Widowed 3. Never-married Divorced In 1999, 8.5% of men: 11% of women age 18 and over were divorced Divorce rate is no longer increasing Approximately 50% of all marriages end in divorce Widowed Proportion of widowed & men has remained the same. Women are more likely to be widowed than men. Same pattern - whites, Hispanics, & African-Americans
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Young & middle-aged are less likely to be widowed NEVER MARRIED Usually Young Largest and fastest-growing category of singles 15% - 1972 24% - 2003 Postponement of marriage People are older at first marriage (U.S. Census Bureau, 2006) Women- 25.8 Men- 27.1 Increase in single in 20s sinve 1950s % of single women ages 20-24 1970 – 36% 1999 – 72% % of single men ages 20-24 1970 – 55% 1999 – 84% 4 Factors – postponement of marriage Demographic & macro-level influences 1. Changes in economy= More education necessary 2. Improved contraception = Greater acceptance of premarital and nonmarital sex 3. Changing attitudes toward marriage, singlehood, & cohabitation 4. Sex ratio and marriage squeeze 1. Sex ratio = # men/ # women Sex Ratio = A ratio of 100 means that there are equal numbers of men and women. High sex ratio – numerator is greater than 100- more men than women Ex. 1910 – 106 men for every 100 women 1900- 1945 Low sex ratio – number is less than 100 – less men than women Ex. 2000 – 95 men for every 100 women 1945-2002 (projected to 2025) Some countries – sex ratio highly skewed Demographic & Macro-level Influences on Singles 2. Marriage squeeze Sex imbalance in the ratio of available unmarried women and men Imbalance causes members of one sex to be “squeezed” put of marriage market Types of Singles= Sociologist Peter Stein Single differ on 2 important conditions Voluntary -- freely chooses not marrying Involuntary- would prefer to be married
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