Theater Exam 2 Review - Theater Exam 2 Review American...

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Theater Exam 2 Review American Melodrama: The Really Big Show ~Melodrama= Virtuous heroes and evil villains; appeal to sentiment and group identity, emphasizes spectacle, local colors and characters and plots with episodes. ~Two types- 1. Heroic melodrama= 1830s-contained violence and action, mostly male working class audiences, noble hero vs. corrupt society. 2. Moral reform melodrama= 1840s- Celebrated domesticity (slavery, alcohol, prostitution, and consequences of vices), female audiences now welcome and encouraged through the development of the Saturday matinee. Example= Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Harriet Beecher Stowe) – Elza crossing ice was a very famous spectacle. ~Melodrama had technology= gas lighting (1820s), more upstage light, fire and lightning effects, electricity (1880s), moving panoramas, ect… ~Contemporary legacy or examples of melodramas= daytime soap operas, politics, Grey’s Anatomy Theatrical Labor: Some types of designers ~Tasks of designers- familiarization with text’s sociohistorical environment, exploring style possibilities, researching images and sound, attending production meetings, considering practical concerns like budget. Blackface Minstrelsy ~Very racist, very popular, and “American”, projected identities into blacks that had consequences for U.S.’s social and economic world. ~T.D. Rice- The most famous minstrel performer who also originated the form. ~played “Daddy Jim Crow”- a character T.D. and others said was accurate about plantation slaves, actually a huge exaggeration of a dance developed to get around a law against dancing. ~Minstrel shows- had music, dancing, and comedy, first all white casts that included some performers in Black face, depicted slave life as idyllic, and African Americans as buffoonish. ~Some of it was performed by African Americans in blackface!- reasons- it allowed them stage access, white people thought made it authentic ~Minstrelsy caricatures=1. “Tom”- faithful and submissive servant, smiling, wide- eyed, docile, non-threatening, needing approval 2. “Picaninny”- children, bulging eyes, unkempt hair, red lips, and wide mouths 3. Sambo- Lazy, frightened, inarticulate, satisfied with position as slave 4. Coon- abb. Raccoon- lazy, frightened, inarticulate, unsatisfied “bad sambo” 5. The mammy figure- laughing loyal servant, “evidence” that black women were happy as slaves, loved white family, disdained by own family, not a sexy character, invention of white southerners Lesbian, Gay, & Queer Theater Performance
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~Sex and gender are not the same thing ~Censorship= Cornstalk Law (1973)= could not have homosexuality in theater Wales Padlock Act (1927)= if homosexuality is portrayed, cops can come and stop the show and kick out the audience ~Senator Joseph McCarthy’s HUAC in the 1950’s blacklisted homosexuals along with Communists since they threatened national values.
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  • Spring '07
  • Dvoskin
  • Musical theatre, Stephen Soundheim, african american theater, Queer Theater Performance, Age Musical Theater, AMERICAN THEATER COMPANY

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