Theater- Means “seeing place.”
Drama- Script study which has more literary emphasis than the term theater.
What is the critcal element of audiences? Providing feedback.
The purposes for theater as thought by Horace- A. to teach and to please B. to effect social change C. to
Theater Studies- Interested in how plays shape and reflect culture.
Performance Studies (interdiscipline)- Combination of theater and anthropology, aims to study behavior.
Aesthetics- relating to the senses and perception, their philosophies deal with definitions of beauty,
ugliness, good taste, ect.
Cannon- means “the rule”, they are fixed collections of texts or artworks and often determine standards
of judgement. Ex= “the classics,” “the greats”
Western cannon has often privileged art by white men, idea is that our taste is connected to our social
Cannons, taste, and cultural capital shape what gets taught.
Theater in Ancient Greece=(first sight to have theater as formal plays)
Greece is recognized as the birthplace of Democracy. Their major political unit was the polis. There was
a strong connection between the state and performance.
Oikos- sphere of the home.
City Dionysia (534 BCE)- Held civic and religious festival, celebrated God Dionysus (sym. fertility,
wine, and revelry.) Festival was for return of Spring, productivity, and warding off evil.
5 days of performances. There were prizes for plays and actors and an after festival review committee.
Perfomances at Dionysus included-
* 3 Tradgedies (3 from each dramatist) = grew out of dithyrambs
and were based on myths and history. They included a prologue, parados (entrance), a series of episodes
which were interrupted by stasima (choral dance songs), and an exodus (exit). All violence and death was
*Satyr Play (by the same playwright as the 3 tragedies it followed) The name comes from chorus (half-
men/half-beast companion of Dionysus) These plays were sometimes connected to the tragedies they
followed, they used everyday language, ridiculed gods heroes and adventures, used boisterous language
with rural setting and vigorous dancing.
*Comedies (the only extant one are by Aristophanes) = commentaries on contemporary society, politics,