Third Weeks Family Development Notes

Third Weeks Family Development Notes - Third Two Weeks Of...

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Third Two Weeks Of Family Development Notes February 5, 2008 Experimental Studies = correlation and causation- correlation does not equal causality; sometimes a separate variable Z could cause both. Strengths= control of conditions, allows casual interpretation. Limitations = artificial situations. Divorce Question with groups = Hypothesis 1- Children may start having troubles in their schoolwork. Ex: Structural –functional= parents are not able to fulfill roll of providing emotional support. Laboratory observation = Not an experiment. Ex. Mari Clement’s research. (not an experiment cause no controls or variables.) Field Research= aka naturalistic observation; Secondary analysis= includes historical cross cultural data Generalizability of findings = Random selection of participants, small sample. Artificial situations- social desirability affect (people who know they are being observed will not act naturally), problem with memory recall- the further away you ask someone about the more likely they are to be wrong, casual interpretations with correlational data, researcher bias. GENDER Sex and gender are not interchangeable terms! Sex= Whether a person is biologically male or female. Gender: A social construction of culturally defined expectations for males and females Social or psychological characteristics associated with being a male or a female. Gender is linked not only to physical attributes, but also to psychological and social qualities that typically associated with each sex (e.g., aggressiveness in men, nurturance in women). Gender Role- socially constructed roles regarding what it means to be masculine or feminine in our society. The attitudes and behaviors associated with and expected of males and females. Gender Schema- Information that an individual has learned about gender. The cognitive organization of individuals, behaviors, and traits by gender. Gender script, guide information processing, attention and memory easier encoding and retrieval. Gender Identity: Refers to the degree to which an individual sees herself or himself as feminine or masculine based on society’s definition of appropriate gender roles, one’s personal sense of maleness or femaleness, how you view yourself. In most cases, this is consistent with your biological sense, but not guaranteed. Gender similarities and differences= Men & women are more similar than they are different. People have tendency to see in-group members as more similar than they are and out-
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group members as more different. Context is a strong influence of behavior. Same person appears very different depending on context. In regards to overlapping distributions= The larger the sample, the smaller the difference has to be to still be significantly different. Small differences between groups can lead to statistical differences that are not very meaningful. Bem’s Sex Role Inventory
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Third Weeks Family Development Notes - Third Two Weeks Of...

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