Midterm Review

Midterm Review - INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR (P9) Review...

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INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR (P9) Review Sheet for Midterm #1 Chapter 1:  Introduction to Psychology I.  Psychology at UCI A. What is the difference between the “Psychology major” and the “PSB major”? PSB      studies developmental, health, social and personality, and psychopathology/treatment psychology. Psychology (Cog Sci     ) perception and action, cog neuroscience psychology. B. What is the difference between 7A and P9?    7A Prof has training in bio/cog psych P9 Prof has training in social psych II.   What is psychology?  How does the study of psychology help us understand the behavior of different people?  A.   Psychology  is  the scientific study of behavior and mental process B.   Why is Psychology considered a science?    It acquires   knowledge using the   scientific method (orderly,  systematic procedures that they follow to perform, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, and communicate  conclusions with other people). III.   What is the purpose of psychology?  Why is it important to study psychology?   A.  Psychologist pursue  four broad goals Description     Identify and classify behaviors and mental processes. Explanation     Proposing reasons for behaviors and mental processes. Answer the question of “why.” Prediction     Offering hypotheses about how a given condition will effect behaviors or mental processes. Influence     Solve practical problems that involve behavior and mental processes. B. The purpose of basic research vs. applied research  Basic research     : Advance science general scientific understanding. Research b/c curious and interesting.   Applied research     :     To   solve practical problems to improve quality of life.   IV.   What are the origins of Psychology?  How important are outdated psychological perspectives to the current  field of psychology? A.  Structuralism Introspection     : Perception of visual, auditorial, and touch stimuli; aka self report. Basic elements of Conscious experience Established psychology as a science B.  Functionalism was concerned not with the structure of the consciousness but with how mental  processes function  How we adapt to our environment Behavior as well as mental processes Children, animals, and the mentally impaired b/c cannot be trained for introspection Applied, more practical use V.  Two major approaches to conducting research A.  Experiments  Independent variable:      Variable in a study that is manipulated by the researcher. Dependent variable:
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Midterm Review - INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR (P9) Review...

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