Legislations in Ontario - Running head LEGISLATIONS IN...

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Running head: LEGISLATIONS IN ONTARIO 1 Legislations in Ontario Name: Institution:
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LEGISLATIONS IN ONTARIO 2 Legislations in Ontario In Canada, the union movements began in the early 1950s with the aim of improving working conditions for the country’s labor force. However, during this time, there were no legal aspects guiding the roles of the unions[Dav142]. During the first wave of the union movement, people sought to address issues such as their welfare, the education system, and universal health. These factors are well established in the current Canadian economy. Ideally, the union movement acts as a watchdog, ensuring that the Canadian workforce is provided with a conducive working environment. In April 1872, employers in the publishing industry refused to listen to the grievances of their workers, thus forcing them to lay down their tools[Dav142]. Although most employers hired new replacements for the boycotting employees, the employees got widespread support from other employees in Toronto. This resulted to a rally at Employers refused, and the printers walked off the job on March 25, 1872. Publishers hired replacement workers, but the strikers had earned widespread support from other Toronto workers. The situation become worse, forcing the unionists to hold a rally at Queen’s Park on April 15, the same year, which was attended by more than 10,000 workers[Dav142]. During this time, it was a criminal offence to hold a union activity in Canada. Therefore, the protests forced George Brown, who was the Toronto Globe publisher to order the arrest of the individuals involved in the protests. However, more protests ensued, demanding for the release of the arrested unionists. Further, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald enacted the Trade Union Act, which sought to legalize and protect the existing trade unions. Consequently, the nine-hour movement was formed and it demanded for the reduction of working hours for the union[OHR13]. The annual labor celebrations were later introduced to recognize the efforts of the Canadian workforce in building a strong economy.
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