Chapter 6 Powerpoint.2016 - Christendom Europe and the Age...

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Christendom : Europe and the Age of Faith Ca. 1000-1300 West Façade of Chartres Cathedral Christendom – the Christian community of the Middle Ages Characteristics of the Middle Ages Rise of Europe’s urban centers Construction of majestic cathedrals Domination of Christendom by the Roman Catholic Church. Church shaped medieval culture and values . Morality plays Writing of the Mystics, poets, and preachers Music of Praise and Redemption
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Aerial View of Chartres Cathedral Late in the period, patronage of a rising middle class influenced art and culture. The Gothic Cathedral – the embodiment of new Gothic architectural style Abundance of sculptures Stained glass windows Devotional Altarpieces Polyphonic Music Pointed arches
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The Medieval Church The Roman Catholic Church exercised great power and authority not only as a religious force, but also as a political institution. It ensured its independence and dominance by founding the College of Cardinals as the sole body responsible for the elections of the pope. The Popes were very much like monarchs in their governing of a huge and complex bureaucracy incorporating financial, judicial, and disciplinary branches. The medieval Church was enormously wealthy and by the end of the 12 th C. was the largest single landholder in Western Europe. The church enforced religious conformity by means of such spiritual penalties as excommunication (exclusion from the sacraments) and interdict (excommunication of an entire city or state). All of this led to an extreme rivalry between Church and state for supreme authority in Christendom.
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Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere (Our Lady of the Beautiful Glass), Chartres Cathedral, 12 th C. The Church held a monopoly on personal salvation through the Sacraments: Baptism Confirmation Ordination Matrimony Penance Eucharist Extreme unction Since these started at birth and ended on the death bed, the Church participated in virtually every major aspect of an individual’s life.
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Facsimile of Page with Hildegard’s Vision, Liber Scivias ca. 1150-1200 Religious life offered women, generally the daughters of aristocrats , an alternative to life as a housewife or worker One of the foremost women of the age was Hildegard of Bingen (1098- 1179), who ran the monastery at Bingen, near Frankfurt, Germany Although she wrote tracts on natural science, medicine, and the treatment of disease, an allegorical dialogue between the vices and virtues, and a significant body of devotional songs , she is best known as the first in a long line of female Christian visionaries and mystics, an individual who inspired to reveal truths that lie beyond human understanding. Hildegard of Bingen The Literature of Mysticism
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St. Francis of Assisi Statue of St. Francis of Assisi, Sorrento, Italy Because of the Church’s growing wealth and worldliness, many reform movements sought to revive the early Christian ideals of poverty, chastity, and humility.
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