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final fair game sheet

final fair game sheet - 1 Chapter 13 Social Psychology a...

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1. Chapter 13 – Social Psychology a. Prisoner’s dilemma i. In your own words – choose between a cooperative act and a competitive act that benefits yourself but not others ii. Example – narc and go free, friend gets 20 years, both narc and get 5 years each, both keep quiet and each get a year b. Diffusion of responsibility (Kitty Genovese) i. In your own words – feel less responsible when other people are equally able to act ii. Example – no one helped kitty cause each person thought someone else did something so she died c. Social loafing i. In your own words – tendency to slack off because you know others are doing stuff too ii. Example – not screaming as loud at a rally d. Kohlberg’s view of moral development i. General principle in your own words – people undergo stages of moral development as shown through moral dilemmas ii. Examples for each stage – 1. wrong is equated with punishment and good is based on self- interest 2. good is based on self-interest including delayed benefits 3. public opinion is basis for judging what is good 4. determined by duty or role in society 5. laws are made for the benefit of people and are flexible, thus they should allow for exceptions (i.e. stealing medication) 6. based on absolute values like human life which sometimes take precedence over human laws e. Problems with Kohlberg’s view i. In your own words – justice versus morality (disobeying orders v. actually helping someone) and the relationship between moral reasoning and behavior (saying we’d do something in a situation v. actually doing it) f. Primacy effect i. In your own words – the first thing we learn about someone influences us more than later information ii. Example – first impressions make the difference g. Implicit Association Test (IAT) i. In your own words – measures your reactions to combinations of two categories ii. Results – most linked white-pleasant and black-unpleasant than black- pleasant and white-unpleasant h. Internal attribution i. In your own words – explanations based on someone’s individual characteristics such as attitudes and abilities ii. Example – walking because you like exercise i. External attribution i. In your own words – explanations based on the situation ii. Example – walked because the car wouldn’t start
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j. Fundamental attribution error i. In your own words – making internal attributions for people’s behavior even when we see evidence for an external influence on behavior ii.
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