Love 2 - Psychology 1 Introduction to Psychology Winter...

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Psychology 1 – Introduction to Psychology Winter Quarter, 2008 Reading Guide for Chapters 5.1, 12.1-2, 14.3 pp. 150-162, 414-425, 434-464M, 509-517 Week 8 1. Chapter 11.3 – Sexual Motivation a. Kinsey Survey i. Main findings in your own words – He documented the variability of human sexual behavior. (i.e. amount and variance of orgasm, if people have “excessive” masturbation and what it caused.,) ii. Limitations in your own words – He obtained most of his interviews by going to organizations, ranging from fraternities to nunneries, and asking everyone in the organization to talk to him. He interviewed mostly mid- western European Americans who belonged to organizations that agreed to cooperate, and the percentages he reported do not generalize to other populations. b. Gender Identity i. In your own words – the sex that a person regards himself or herself as being. c. Intersexes i. In your own words – People with an anatomy that appears intermediate between male and female. ii. Possible results of “fixing” – fixing entails surgically reconstructing the genitals so it resembles what was most developed. Results decreases sexual pleasure, and people report an unusually high percentage report of no sexual fantasies what-so-ever. d. Sexual Orientation i. In your own words – is someone’s tendency to respond sexually to male or female partners or both or neither. ii. Possible determinants of orientation – Homosexuality is more prevalent in monozygotic twins. That trend suggests a genetic influence toward homosexuality. It can hardly be ONLY a gene because then all monozygotic twins would have the same sexual orientation. The probability of a homosexual orientation is slightly elevated among men who have an older brother. Having an older sister doesn’t make a difference, nor does hving an older adopted brother. It is possible that prenatal sex hormones influence later sexual orientation.
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