Terms - 732/Poiters(Tours thought that France would be...

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5-10-06 732/Poiters(Tours) - thought that France would be Muslim if Muslims won the war - Big loss for the Muslims 100 years after the Prophets death - Spain was Muslim Muslim empire grew faster than Rome and fell apart faster than Rome - Empire broke off in big chunks - Empire was based on Religion - Recently Revealed Religion - The middle east was conquered and taken away from the Byzantine empire and the Persian Empire - Byzantine empire survived o They had Christianity in their empire o Some would rather have Arabs governing them rather than the Byzantine empire rule over them. That’s why Byzantine survived - Muslims did this big conquest all the way to China - The Koran did not tell believers to go out and tell the Muslims to conquer people Is America an Empire? Or just a sphere of influence - Effected the constitution - Power of the president - War Powers Act – this allowed the president to declare war but had 90 days to get to congress to tell them about the declaration - Line item veto – President can veto parts of bills but found unconstitutional - Power of the presidential congress is growing against the courts and congress jihad means struggle/ war - prophets fought wars - wars were just, if it was appropriate - Koran doesn’t tell them to wage holy wars - Muslim was not a mass religion that was trying to be spread - Islam was only for the conquerors, only for the Arabs at first - It took a while to allow others to be Muslims - Jews and Christians were allowed to practice their own religions idolater worshiper of idols - not allowed to worship their own idols in the Muslim empire - these people were killed dessication A theory - Arabia had little rain - Power vacuum theory - Persian empire was the weakest empire - Could be argued that if Muhammad was alive, he would have lead the wars/raids - Three years before he died, he authorized a raid in the north in the Byzantine outpost o This was unsuccessful - A year later, Muhammad led a revenge raid
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o Muhammad again lost because of the heat and lack of water Ridda Turning away from / secession - Muhammad had many treaties during his lifetime - All the treaties were with Muhammad, so when he died, the treaties were voided - Abu Bakr tried to get the Arabian tribes back together by force - A year after the prophets death were brought back into Arabia in the end after many deaths - Abu Bakr wanted to raid the northern powers - Conquests were lead by Abu Bakr (one of the main reasons for the growth of Islam) o Just a raid, not an actual war o But the raids were easy to defeat the Byzantines and Persians o This was luck and good timing to defeat everyone - Arab Pride Factor o Arabs were showing that they were better than the others Fatima daughter of Muhammad by Kadijah - married Fatima to his cousin Ali Ali Cousin of Muhammad - same grandfather as Muhammad - married Fatima - doubly related - second earliest convert to Islam after Kadijah - too young to be a leader (Idea of the Sunnis) - Later was elected when he got older Emigrants The ones who emigrated to Medina -
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