Alissa MassiePCN-107Professor ToneSeptember 24, 2016Theory Review ChartTheoreticalFrameworkView of Human NatureKey TheoristsKey TerminologyKey ConceptsStrengths/WeaknessTherapeutic TechniquesPsychodynamic1.PsychoanalysisFreud believed that humans are motivated by instincts (drives) where the innate psychic energy compromises the self’s conscious and unconscious structures of personality. Human natureis an unconscious process where our instinctual drives find an acceptable way to resolve tension or conflict. Freud believed that our defense mechanisms are managed by instincts to unconsciously attempt to satisfy unmet needs. The world we know is based on our conscious and unconscious psychologicalprocesses which create a psychic reality. The conscious is mainly animalistic instincts and drives that underlie everything.Sigmund FreudNeo-Freudian:Carl Jung and Alfred AdlerId, ego, superego, psychosexual stages, reality principle, somatization, neurosis, psychosis, resistance, sibling rivalry, Freudian slip, Oedipus complex, Elektra complex, abreaction, libido, imago, instincts, erogenous zones, fixations, free associations, consciousness, unconscious, preconscious.Psychoanalytic theory, consciousness, unconsciousness, preconscious, drives and instincts (Eros and Thanos), the structure of personality (id, ego, superego), anxiety (realistic, moral, neurotic), defense mechanisms (Asceticism, compensation, denial, displacement, dissociation, humor, idealization, identification, intellectualization, introjection, projection,rationalization, reactionformation, regression, repression, splitting, sublimation, suppression, undoing), psychosexual stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital), transference Strengths: One of the first theories developed about the unconscious and levels of consciousness. Freud brought forth free associations to explorethe unconscious. He was the primary theorist for psychoanalysis and came up with the ideas that an individual would attempt to settle drives through defense mechanisms.Weaknesses: Less likely to be helpful for disorders like phobias and other goal-setting disorders. Hyper-sexualized ideas and very sex/dream driven. Freud was veryset on specific ideas like penis envy and Freud attempts to highlight cognitive awareness and functions which are most useful at different stages in his processes. He started with hypnosis. Psychoanalysis createsa trusting environment where clients are able to share feelings,thoughts, and behaviors. During classic analysis, the analyst would use analytic neutrality and have the client lay on the couch. Free association is the shedding of cognitive restraints which the client may believe is irrelevant or unimportant. Interpretation of resistance is understanding the process of anything that impedes the work of analysis or prevents the process of free association.