QUESTION 1 1. A patient with an addiction to alcohol checked into a rehabilitation center. He experiences delirium, inability to concentrate, and is easily distracted. From which of the following is he most likely suffering? a . Acute confusional state b . Echolalia c . Dementia d . Dysphagia 1 points QUESTION 2 1. A 15-month-old child from Pennsylvania was brought to the ER for fever, seizure activity, cranial palsies, and paralysis. Which of the following diagnosis will be documented in the chart? a . Eastern equine encephalitis b . Venezuelan encephalitis c . St. Louis encephalitis d . West Nile encephalitis 1 points QUESTION 3 1. Parents of a 3-month-old infant bring him to the emergency room (ER) after he has had a seizure. He has muscle rigidity, and the parents report they are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease should this infant be screened? a . Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy b . Congenital encephalopathy c . Tay-Sachs disease d . PKU 1 points QUESTION 4 1. When a patient has a peculiar sensation that immediately precedes a seizure, what term should the nurse use to describe this sensation? a . Prodro
ma b . Agnosi a c . Spasm d . Aura 1 points QUESTION 5 1. A 72-year-old male demonstrates left-sided weakness of upper and lower extremities. The symptoms lasted 24 hours and resolve with no evidence of infarction. The patient most likely experienced a(n): a . MI evaluation b . Arteriovenous malformation c . Transient ischemic attack d . Cerebral hemorrhage 1 points QUESTION 6 1. An initial assessment finding associated with acute spinal cord injury is _____ the injury. a . Pain below the level of b . Loss of autonomic reflexes above c . Loss of voluntary control below d . Hyperactive spinal reflexes below 1 points QUESTION 7 1. A 15-year-old male was struck by a motor vehicle and suffered a traumatic brain injury. Paramedics found him unconscious at the scene of the accident. During the ambulance ride, he regained consciousness and was able to maintain a conversation with the medical staff. Upon arrival to hospital, he was alert and oriented. Physical exam reveals confusion and impaired responsiveness. What is the probable nature of his brain injury based on this history? a . Mild concussion b . Subdural hematoma
c . Extradural (epidural) hematoma d . Mild diffuse axonal injury 1 points QUESTION 8 1. An older adult is admitted to the ER following a fall. The patient complains of pain in the back. The patient has a history of osteoporosis. The nurse would expect the patient’s injury and subsequent pain is most likely due to: a . A fractured hip b . Spinal stenosis c . Herniation of a thoracic disk d . A spinal compression fracture 1 points QUESTION 9 1. When a patient has a fever, which of the following thermoregulatory mechanisms is activated? a . The body’s thermostat is adjusted to a lower temperature.
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- Spring '15
- Traumatic brain injury