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Week 6: Respiratory SystemIn the United States, there are currently more than 35 million people livingwith a respiratory disorder; and each year, more than 400,000 people die asa result (American Lung Association, 2012). The prevalence and impact ofthese disorders makes it essential for advanced practice nurses to have asolid understanding of the respiratory system. In clinical settings, you mustbe able to appropriately diagnose, treat, and manage care for patients withcommon disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, and pneumonia. This posesseveral questions: What are symptoms of respiratory disorders? How arethey diagnosed? Are some disorders more prevalent in one patient groupover another?This week you explore the pathophysiology of alterations associated with respiratory disorders. You also explore the impact of patient factors on these disorders.ReferenceAmerican Lung Association. (2008). Lung disease data: 2008. Retrieved from -data/LDD_2008.pdfLearning ObjectivesStudents will:Analyze the pathophysiology of respiratory alterationsEvaluate the impact of patient factors on respiratory disordersAnalyze pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic asthma and acute asthma exacerbationEvaluate the impact of patient factors on chronic asthma and acute asthma exacerbationEvaluate clinical considerations of chronic asthma and acute asthma exacerbationUnderstand and apply key terms, concepts, and principles related to alterations of the respiratory systemPhoto Credit: Science Photo Library/Brand X Pictures/Getty ImagesLearning ResourcesNote:To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materialssection of your Syllabus.Required ReadingsHuether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012). Understanding pathophysiology(Laureate custom ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.Chapter 25, “Structure and Function of the Pulmonary System”This chapter provides information relating to the structure and function of the pulmonary system to illustrate normal pulmonary function. It focuses on
gas transport to build the foundation for examining alterations of pulmonary function.Chapter 26, “Alterations of Pulmonary Function”This chapter examines clinical manifestations of pulmonary alterations and disorders of the chest wall and pleura. It covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, evaluation, and treatment of obstructive lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.Chapter 27, “Alterations of Pulmonary Function in Children”This chapter focuses on alterations of pulmonary function that affect children. These alterations include disorders of the upper and lower airways.