Final Review Ch 9 - East Asia Global Pattern Local Lives...

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East Asia Global Pattern, Local Lives and Introduction The population of China is 1.35 billion people. A Hukou system is the system in China that ties people to their place of birth; each persons permanent residence is registered and any person who wants to migrate must obtain permission from authorities to do so. Floating population is the Chinese term for people who live illegally in a place other than their required household registration location; many are jobless or underemployed people who have left economically depressed rural areas for the cities. The number of people migrating from rural to urban areas in china in search of work more than doubled. Coal burning is the primary source of pollution in China. Koreas, Japan, Taiwan are affected by the pollution. Mostly Japan and Taiwan. In East Asian cities high population, densities and rising expectation for better living standards make it difficult to improve environmental quality. Human Patterns Over Time From the mid 1500s to the mid 1800s Spanish and Portuguese traders interested in acquiring China’s silks, spices, and ceramics found their way to East Asian ports. To exchange they brought corn, peppers, peanuts and potatoes. In attempt to crack down on the drug trade, because of its debilitating effects on Chienese Society the Opium Wars broke out. British badly defeated China and the result was that Hong Kong became a British possession and British trade, including opium expanded throughout China into the 20 th century. Koumintang (KMT) a nationalist party that arose in response to the absence of central state authority. They were an urban-based movement that appealed to workers aw well as the middle and upper classes. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) found its base in rural areas among peasants. In 1940 the CCP, led by Mao Zedong proclaimed the country the “People’s Republic of China” with Mao as president. The Far Northeast, Inner Mongolia and Western China were not under Chinese’s control. Due to the revolution land and wealth were reallocated, resulting in an improved standard of living for those who needed it most . Heroic efforts were made to improve agricultural production and to reduce the severity of floods and droughts. The masses, regardless of age, class or gender, were mobilized to construct almost entirely by hand huge public works projects. Schools were built in the smallest of villages and opportunities of women became available, and some of the worst abuses against them were stopped. The great leap forward was an ecomic reform
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  • Spring '15
  • Paul Marr
  • Geography, People's Republic of China

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