Phil_of_being.IIIsteven

Phil_of_being.IIIsteven - PHILOSOPHY OF BEING EXAM III Why...

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PHILOSOPHY OF BEING EXAM III Why is first philosophy concerns most of all with a question of what is a substance? (380-381) First philosophy concerns most of all the question of what is a substance is because substance is a being; it is whether it is or being depended on by others. Itself in being depended on by others. Zeda 1- First Philosophy concerns of what exist that study a set of thing that exist (subject matter). Within the set of things that exist, we can draw the distinction between two subjects: predicate and subject of predication. Substance is among the subject of predication because a substance is the ultimate subject of predication. The subject of predication exists most of all, they are ultimate subject of predication and not the predicate. The predicate depends for their existence on the subject of predication and the ultimate subject of predication doesn’t depend on anything else. So what exist of all is the subject of predication and this is the first question that first philosophy most concerns, “what is a substance”. What is Aristotle’s account of a substance? (389-390) According to Aristotle, a substance is an absolute attribute of predication. It does not happen by chance or accident. (Here, answer what are the 3 criteria and the why it is a particular and not a universal) 3 criteria- a- Ultimate subject of predication B- something to be a this C- Cause of the per se attributes of the thing/ predication of the thing Universal/Particular form How did he arrive at this account? (382) 3 criteria 1- It has to be an Ultimate subject of predication that can’t be predicated to anything else. However, there are three ultimate subjects of predication that meet the criteria: Matter, form, and composite. All three of these things can have things predicate of them that can’t be predicated to anything else. So, they all meet the first requirement to be a substance. 2- “Something to be a This”- concrete particular thing – (Zeda 3 *382--) Matter - is an ultimate subject of predication but it is not a This, it is not something definite. For example, a bronze statue, bronze (matter) that makes it up is independent from the form that it has that it is not concrete or definite. The statue is concrete and it is a this. So matter doesn’t meet the requirement to count as a this. Composite do meet this requirement (they are this) but not the next (Zeda 17 *391).
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3- Cause of the per se attributes of the thing/ predication of the thing. Composite
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Phil_of_being.IIIsteven - PHILOSOPHY OF BEING EXAM III Why...

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