MH & Psychology 3341/3350 Fall 2015 update Exam #1 Study guide Sigelman & Rider, 8th ed., Lifespan human Development Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Chapter 1 & 2 (Nature of Development) 3 domains of development: physical, cognitive, psychosocial/socioemotional (p. 4-5). How does your textbook define aging (p. 4 and p. 5) and how does this relate to Stability vs. Change? What are the periods of life listed in Table 1.1 (p. 5) and in text on p. 8? What is an age-grade (p. 6)? List examples of rites of passage (p. 6). What are age norms and social clocks (p. 7)? What is the average life expectancy for someone born now? (p. 8) Define maturation (caused by genes) (p. 9) and learning (caused by environmental influence) (p. 9). How does this relate to the nature/nurture issue? What are the 7 ‘key assumptions’ about life-span development listed on p. 12-13? What are 3 goals of psychology (p. 10- 11)? (Describe, explain, optimize/influence.) (No chronological stage/age info from the first day’s lecture on this test). Developmental issues (p. 33-35; and Table 2.1, p. 35) : Nature/nurture (p. 9-10, and see also Table 1.2, p. 10, & p. 33), Continuity & Discontinuity, Activity vs Passivity, Universality vs Context Specific. Chapter 3 Biological Beginnings (Genetic foundations) What is a gene & what does it code for? Define DNA, chromosome ), allele. How many pairs of chromosomes do humans have (in regular body cells), how many total? What is a karyotype? List & understand Darwin’s 3 main arguments. What are some sources of genetic variability? Define natural selection mutation, genotype, phenotype, meiosis , mitosis, crossing over, dominant characteristic & recessive characteristic (text & also Table 3.2, p 68) , incomplete dominance, co-dominance, carrier,
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- Spring '08