Paper - 2.24.2008 HIST102 The Mission Review of The Mission...

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2.24.2008 HIST102 The Mission Review of The Mission Role of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church was very active in promoting Christianity throughout the world. The Spanish and Portuguese were particularly determined to spread Christianity to the New World. The church’s main power in the New World was thanks to the Spanish’s missionaries that included the Jesuits, Dominicans, and the Franciscans. The missionaries brought the Indians into villages and eventually got them to convert to Christianity. Once these Indians were converted, they were taught how to trade and farm. These missions established a relationship that would allow the Church to have a hand in the Indian’s lives and turned them into loyal subjects of the Empire. The church was sure to implement themselves into the native’s communities in positive ways by building hospitals, orphanages, and schools. The Jesuits took part in a particular part of the Catholic Church’s vision to conquer the new world. They were the main party of the Jesuit Reductions which aimed at building reductions which were settlements whose purpose was to introduce native people to European culture and most importantly to their religion. These Reductions were in South America mainly in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Even though the Church was essentially invading this land to eventually convert them into followers of their Empire the Catholic Church did protect these native people from enslavement and
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colonial conquest. One particular group of these native people, the Guarini, was protected by the Jesuits for about 150 years from prospectors for slaves from Portugal and Spain. The Guarini The Guarini inhabited territory that spanned from Paraguay to the Brazilian plateau. The Catholic Church, and the Jesuit missionaries, moved into the Guarini’s land during the 16 th through the 18 th centuries. The Jesuit missionaries, and the practice of their reductions, brought the Catholic Church’s ideals to the natives of South America. The Guarini, in a sense, were enslaved through the promise of protection by the Catholic Church. The Guarini people inhabited an important piece of land that was an access route from Paraguay to Europe. This gave the Catholic Church reasons to help “protect” these people more since they turned out to be a very valuable acquisition because it opened up the possibilities of further expansion into the central regions of South America. In 1603, the Governor of Paraguay requested the presence of the Jesuits to introduce European ideals to their people. With the promise of the Church’s protection many natives flocked to the first mission in Loreto. Because of the popularity of the missions with the Guarini people soon they were “reduced” into 12 missions were built to encompass them all. The
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2008 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Mcaleer during the Winter '07 term at Linn Benton Community College.

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Paper - 2.24.2008 HIST102 The Mission Review of The Mission...

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