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therapyCaldwell - Treatment of Psychological Disorders...

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Unformatted text preview: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychology 202: General Psychology Chapter 12 1 I. Treatment of Psychological Disorders: An Introduction A. Why People Seek Therapy B. Who Provides Psychotherapeutic Services C. The Therapeutic Relationship 2 II. What Therapeutic Approaches Should Be Used? A. Biological Treatments or Psychotherapy Approaches B. Combined Treatments C. Empirically Validated Treatments 3 III. Biological (Pharmacological) Methods of Treatment A. Main Classes of Drugs Used to Treat Mental Disorders: 1. Antipsychotic (Neuroleptics) Drugs: Schizophrenia and other Psychosis 2. Antidepressant Drugs: Mood and Anxiety Disorders 3. Antianxiety (Tranquilizers) Drugs: Mood and Anxiety Disorders 4. Lithium and Other Mood Stabilizing Drugs: Bipolar Disorder 4 III. Biological (Pharmacological) Methods of Treatment Continued... B. Disadvantages of Medication Treatment C. Other Types of Biological Treatments 1. Neurosurgery (Lobotomy) 2. Electroconvulsive (ECT) Therapy 5 IV. Psychologically Based Therapies A. Psychodynamic Therapies (Explore the Unconscious) 1. Classic Psychoanalysis 2. Psychodynamic Therapy Since Freud 3. Evaluating Psychodynamic Therapies 6 IV. Psychologically Based Therapies Continued... B. Behavior Therapies (Classical and Operant Conditioning) 1. Systematic Desensitization 2. Aversion Therapy 3. Graduated Exposure 4. Modeling or Skills Training 5. Systematic Use of Reinforcement 6. Evaluating Behavior Therapies 7 IV. Psychologically Based Therapies Continued... C. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (Identify Beliefs and Expectations) 1. Rational-Emotive therapy 2. Beck's Cognitive Therapy 3. Evaluating Cognitive-Behavior Therapies 8 IV. Psychologically Based Therapies Continued... D. Humanistic-Experiential Therapies (SelfActualization and Self-Fulfillment) 1. Client-Centered Therapy 2. Existential Therapy 3. Gestalt Therapy 4. Evaluating the HumanisticExperiential Therapies 9 IV. Psychologically Based Therapies Continued... E. Therapy for Interpersonal Relationships 1. Couples Counseling or Marital Therapy 2. Family Systems Therapy 10 IV. Psychologically Based Therapies Continued... F. Eclecticism and Integration G. Psychotherapy and Diversity 11 V. How Does One Measure Success in Psychotherapy? A. Objectifying and Quantifying Change B. Would Change Occur Anyway? C. Can Therapy be Harmful? 12 VI. Conclusion: What Do We Know About Treating Psychological Disorders? 1. People seek treatment for a variety of reasons. 2. A combination of biological and psychological treatments are most effective. 3. The type of treatment provided is based upon the patient and/or client's disorder and the treatment provider's therapeutic orientation or modality. 4. The therapeutic relationship is important for treatment success. 13 14 ...
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