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Multiple Sclerosis Paper

Multiple Sclerosis Paper - Multiple Sclerosis By Courtney M...

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Multiple Sclerosis By: Courtney M. Smith Multiple sclerosis (abbreviated MS, also known as disseminated sclerosis) is a chronic, inflammatory disease that affects the Central Nervous System (CNS). It is an illness that over 400,000 people in the United States have, and 1.1 million people in the world have. A French neurologist named Jean-Martin Charcot (1825–93) was the first person to recognize multiple sclerosis as a distinct, separate disease in 1868. Summarizing previous reports and adding his own important clinical and pathological observations, Charcot called the disease sclerose en plaques. The three signs of MS now known as Charcot's triad are dysarthria (problems with speech), ataxia (problems with coordination), and tremor. Prior to Charcot, Robert Hooper (1773–1835), a British pathologist and practicing physician, Robert Carswell (1793–1857), a British professor of pathology, and Jean Cruveilhier (1791–1873), a French professor of pathologic anatomy, had described and illustrated many of the disease's clinical details. ( www.nationalmssociety.org ). Sir Augustus Frederic D'Este (1794-1848) - grandson of King George III of England, was the 1st documented case of MS; Lydwina of Schieden - Dutch patron Saint of Ice Skaters (1400AD) The earliest written record of someone with MS; Annette Funicello - singer, dancer, former Mouseketeer had MS; Richard Pryor - the comedian and actor had MS; and Montel Williams - talk show host and actor had MS. If you are interested in learning more about MS, www.nationalmssociety.org , or would like to make
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a donation to the organizations that support the cause, you can go to: www.destinationcure.com , or www.MSwatch.com . MS occurs mainly in Caucasians. It is also rare in the Native American tribes of North America, the Australian Aborigines and the Māori of New Zealand. These few examples point out that genetic background plays an important role in the development of MS. If you look at a map; in North America, Australia and Europe, one of every 1000 citizens suffers from multiple sclerosis, whereas in Asia and South America the rate of recurrence is much lower, and MS is extremely uncommon in Africa. Environmental factors during adolescence may play an important role in the development of MS later in life. This idea is based on several studies of migrants showing that if migration occurs before the age of fifteen, the migrant acquires the new region's susceptibility to MS. If migration takes place after age fifteen, the migrant keeps the susceptibility of his home country. Additionally, smoking
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