08 Schema Theory so far

08 Schema Theory so far - Schema Theory Story Time Bartlett...

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Schema Theory Story Time Bartlett (1932) Remembering Argued against word lists Cannot study memory in isolation Memory depends on making sense of information Study complex information
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Schema Theory Schema An organized mass of past experience (Bartlett) Set of knowledge -- a topic, situation, event, person Trace Each experience leaves independent memory trace Contrast with schema theory Influence memory processes Encoding Storage Reconstruction (retrieval) With story, did encoding when read, have stored it, now time to reconstruct it
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Schema theory research Compare what you recall to what was in the original – Do this with the story Omissions Leave things out Could be random Could be selective to leave the gist gist Intrusions Add material Rationalize, fill in gaps, fit with culture, based on schemas
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Schema Based Remembering Encoding Based on what schema is active Directs encoding, extracts gist
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08 Schema Theory so far - Schema Theory Story Time Bartlett...

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