latin-societies-study-guide

latin-societies-study-guide - 1. 3 generations of human...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. 3 generations of human rights- June 3 rd Notes – Power point First-generation human rights – political and civil First-generation human rights (FGHR) deal essentially with liberty and participation in political life. They are fundamentally civil and political in nature, and serve to protect the individual from excesses of the state. First-generation rights include, among other things, freedom of speech , the right to a fair trial , freedom of religion , and voting rights . They were first enshrined at the global level by the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights . Second-generation human rights – economic social and cultural Second-generation human rights are related to equality and began to be recognized by governments after World War I . They are fundamentally social, economic, and cultural in nature. They ensure different members of the citizenry equal conditions and treatment. Secondary rights would include a right to be employed , rights to housing and health care , as well as social security and unemployment benefits . Third-generation human rights – environmental sustainable development Third-generation human rights are those rights that go beyond the mere civil and social, as expressed in many progressive documents of international law , including the 1972 Stockholm Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and other pieces of generally aspirational "soft law ." 2. Affirmative action – Lecture notes May 29 th – Power point online Brought upon the social black movements in Brazil, happened by 2001 by racial quotas in ministries and universities - Affirmative action , the set of public policies and initiatives designed to help eliminate past and present discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. 3. Antonio Maceo – Part of the 1 st HALF of class – was question 4 in the midterm multiple choice questions Can be found in the Afro-Latin book by Andrews, pgs – 78,80,113- was a leader of the oppositional forces - he fought in the war of independence in Cuba- Commander and Chief of the Rebel Forces 4. Autonomy - Lecture Power Point Lecture – Last Link – “SocialMovements” – May 28 - is the right to self-government . Autonomy is a concept found in moral , political , and bioethical philosophy . Within these contexts, it refers to the capacity of a rational individual to make an informed, uncoerced decision. - Local Autonomy for indigenous and black people in Latin America. - there has been an increase in blacks and indians human rights abuse. - They have new political opportunities today than before to make these social movements which allow them to gain this autonomy -Black Movement in Brazil: º The Black Movement in Brazil (Movimiento Negro do Brazil)- Leader= Abdias Nascimiento (similar to Malcolm X)- Issues: Culture vs. Nationalized politics; overcoming the myth of racial democracy- Tools: Affirmative Action, samba, reggae, hip hop.Tools: Affirmative Action, samba, reggae, hip hop....
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2008 for the course SOC 186 taught by Professor Telles during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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latin-societies-study-guide - 1. 3 generations of human...

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