Music 15 notes - Music 15 Notes 4/3 8:56:00 PM Listening...

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Music 15 27/05/2007 22:56:00 Notes  4/3 Listening- hearing with attention 1877- Edison invents the phonograph access to music in the home origins  of music/purpose o connection between infant and mother creates bond o ensures survival gets through tough times o meditative music o praise a deity  keeps spiritual lives alive o dance/cry/birth/death o protects warriors going into battle Popular vs. classical o Popular- defines its era, more date—not as timeless. Shorter works o Classical- aimed at longer attention span, different kind of attention Melody - a succession of single tones that coheres as a whole Phrase - make up a melody Pitch - the tones that make up the melody. Specific highness and lowness of  a note. Higher frequency higher pitch. Lower frequency lower pitch Interval - distance between pitches Consonance - harmonious Dissonance - pitches that clash, not pleasing Triad o 1-3-5 of major scale;  tonic  based on the first doe (I chord)
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o 4-6-1 4 th  chord- built on the 4 th  note (IV chord) o 5-7-2 5 th  chord- built on the 5 th  note (V chord) I- Tonic IV- Subdominant V- Dominant Aria- melodic lyrical song found in operas Notes 4/5 C Major Scale: QuickTime Y and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Chapter 1 Pages 3-19 In music, the three basic elements are  melody, rhythm,  and  harmony MELODY:
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Melodic motion - describes the way the melody moves from note to note in a  melody. It contains: o Steps- movement to adjacent notes o Leaps- movement to notes more than one step away o Repeated notes Phrase - the sections in which a melody is divided in to (signals a pause) Shape -  pattern obtained when connecting all notes in the melody. It is shape  that makes melody interesting Form - the organizing structure of a composition  PITCH: o Pitch  – term used to describe the highness or the lowness of a note The rate at which an object vibrates determines the pitch we  hear; the faster the vibrations, the higher the pitch INTERVALS: o Interval - the distance between any two pitches o Unison - the closet possible interval; made up of two notes on the  same pitch o Half step - the distance between a white note on the piano and an  adjacent black note o Whole step - the distance between a white note and the next, if there is  a black note in between o Octave - describes interval in which the notes are the same but there is  a 8 whole step difference in their pitches o Sharp- refers to a note that is just a half step up from a particular note o Flat- refers to a note that is just a half step down from a particular note
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