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Anth. notes[1] April 22,24

Anth. notes[1] April 22,24 - Physical Anthropology notes...

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Physical Anthropology notes April 22,2008 Lecture 23 – Legacies of human evolutionary history Impact of Infectious Disease since the 1940s – antibiotics have reduced mortality rates in humans late 1960s – surgeon general declared the war against infectious disease won between 1980 and 1992 – deaths increased by 58% (due to overuse of antibiotics?) viruses do not want to kill their hosts too quickly (e.g. Ebola) Medieval sieges would lob diseased carcasses over city walls (AD 1346) British soldiers gave smallpox infected blankets to Natives (1767) WWI Germans infected American horses with Glanders disease (1917) WWII Japanese experimented with biological weapons (1940) 1978 Bulgarian exile assassinated by a Ricin laced umbrella 1991-2 Iraq uses biological weapons against Kurdish rebels 1940s America begins experimentation with biological weapons for defensive purposes (i.e. to prevent them) Humans human biology is the result of millions of years of evolution human beings are unique because we are the product of biocultural evolution humans can live in a variety of climates, have a varied diet, and respond to the environment both behaviorally and physically Evolutionary Psychology (EP) the study of how natural selection affects the way we think and behave EP sees human behavior as adapting to a primeval environment (the Pleistocene) “modern skulls house a stone-age mind” however, there is no such thing as a single Pleistocene environment
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human males and females are suggested to have different reproductive strategies males want as many mates as possible females want fewer, high quality mates human aggression is suggested to be rooted in our evolutionary history there are no genes that code for specific behaviors Biocultural Evolution intelligence, body shape and growth result from interaction of environment and genetics good health and adequate nutrition are important for children to reach their genetic potential for height socioeconomic status is one cultural factor that affects growth cultural values represent another factor Growth and Development
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Anth. notes[1] April 22,24 - Physical Anthropology notes...

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