spk - Types of Visual Aids Chart Visual arrangement of...

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Types of Visual Aids: Chart - Visual arrangement of words or numbers used to simplify complex material by arranging it visually according to some obvious principle. -Statistical Chart (show important relationships – Child mortality rates by nation) -Sequence of steps (instructions on how to do something—apply to college) -Series of charts (control information being presented—how the US changed from 13 colonies) -Flow chart (showing the “flow of progress”, through several steps with alternative paths showing the outcome of different decisions) -Columnar chart (maps main ides or key terms by relating them to others—drug names) Graph- A visual display of relationships , showing how change in one thing is related to change in another. -Line Graph (charts one variable as a function of another—crime rate increase with hot weather) -Bar Graph (shows units of measurement on only one axis, the other axis identifies categories being assessed—Gender and race vs. college degree) -Pie Graph (used to show proportions, or percentages of a whole— proportion of tax money spent on defense, social security, education, welfare programs, interest in debt, ECT.) Representations- visual portrayals of reality. -Textual graphic (display of words—write an unfamiliar word on the chalkboard) -Diagram (simple drawing or sketch that represents a more complex object—of a boat to show its different parts as you describe how to raise a sail) Objects and Models- Bring the object you are talking about, or make a model of it if it is too big or not portable. (Like a lawyer holds up evidence or a scale drawling of the crime scene— however don’t bring animals or bring illegal objects) People- your own body (to describe power walking for example) or other people (to help you demonstrate something). Chalkboard - if you use the chalkboard, avoid losing eye contact with the audience, do not block the drawing, and avoid turning your back to the audience. Don’t stop speaking while you draw. Chalk board drawings sometimes have an amateur quality. Flip Chart - writing tablet made of large sheets of paper, usually newsprint, which rests on an easel. Two advantages are: you can develop your visual aid in a sequence; you can hide when not in use (leave the top sheet blank). Poster board - concealed when you aren’t referring to it, similar to a flip chart, but easier to handle and hold. Handouts - reinforce the message, reduce note taking, easier to present complex information, can be a distraction (audience pays more attention to handout than the speaker). Transparencies- Make sure you don’t stand in front of the projector, and make the font large enough and do not make text too complex. Only effective when audience is 50 or fewer. Slides
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This note was uploaded on 06/10/2008 for the course SPK 208 taught by Professor Prof.allen during the Spring '08 term at West Chester.

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spk - Types of Visual Aids Chart Visual arrangement of...

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